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Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian rule


1 November 1906. Definitive issue, scenery of Bosnia and Herzegovina and effigy of Francis Joseph I.

Printed in line engraving, paper grayish, gum white and thin. Stamps with brownish gum exist and are rare. Postal sheet consists of 50 (10 x 5) stamps.

An example of a sheet having multiple combinations of perforation.

Perforation

Stamps from this issued exsist in many combinations of perforations. According to Fleck (1941: 49) it was first decided that the stamps should be perforated in line perforations 12½ and 9¼ but at the very start the 6½ perforation was also being used. 10½ perforation was used later.

Parallel mixed perforations (parallel sides are same perforated) are:

 

Double perforation Double perforation Double perforation

Apart from these many combinations of multiple perforations exsist. According to Fleck (1941: 49) there 142 combinations. Imperforate, double perforated and partially imperforate stamps also exsist, vertically imperforate examples are rare.

1 November 1914. The first war charity issue, stamps overprinted with year mark 1914 in letterpress in red color. Printed in sheets of 50 (10 x 5).

A. CONSTANT VARIETIES AND TYPES APPEARING ON BOTH VALUES
I Three types of the second number 1 in 1914 appear on both values Three types of the second number 1 in 1914 appear on both values Three Types of the second number “1” in “1914” in the overprint:

  • thin number 1 with bent flag and without the horizontal line below appears 29 times on values 7/5 heller and 42 times on 12/10,
  • thick number 1 with the horizontal line appears 17 times on 7/5 heller and 7 times on 12/10 heller,
  • thin number 1 with short flag and without horizontal line appears 4 times on 7/5 heller and once on 12/10 heller.

 

II Types of number 4 in 1914 in the overprint: 7 heller on 5 heller Types of number 4 in 1914 in the overprint: 12 heller on 10 heller Three types of number “4” in “1914” appear on both values:

  • narrow 4 appears 42 times,
  • wide 4 appears 7 times (1., 17., 22., 26., 27., 34. and 36. stamp) and
  • open 4 appears once, on the 29th stamp (Fleck, 1941: 77-78).

 

III Types of letter H in Heller in the overprint: 7 heller on 5 heller Types of letter H in Heller in the overprint: 12 heller on 10 heller Two types of letter “H” in “Heller”:
Horizontal line in “H” in the middle and left vertical line short, appears on the 35th field.
B. CONSTANT VARIETIES AND TYPES APPEARING ONLY ON ONE OF THE VALUES
7 heller on 5 heller, dark green, overprint red
IV Letter r in Heller shifted upwards Letter “r” in “Heller” shifted upwards, appears on the 16th field.
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint red
IV First row of the overprint damaged Damaged first row of the overprint.
V On the first stamp the distance between the rows is larger than on the second stamp. The distance between 1914. and 12 Heller is 2¾ mm instead of 1¼ mm.

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint red
1 The first “1” in “1914” thin. The first 1 in 1914 thin
2 Three types of number “2” in “12 Heller”. Number 2 Number 2 Number 2
3 The first letter l in Heller thin (should be appearing on the 12th field). The first letter l in Heller thin
4 Broken lower left rectangular on the 38th stamp. Broken lower left rectangular (38th stamp)
5 Upper horizontal line of the first rectangular missing. Upper horizontal line of the first rectangular missing.

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint red
A Double overprint Double overprint - horizontal Double overprint - vertical
B Offset Offset - front. Note: type IV variety on this stamp (damaged first row of the overprint). Offset- back

 


15 October 1915. The third war charity issue. Stamps with the effigy of Francis Joseph stamps, issued in 1912, overprinted with year mark 1915 in letterpress in red and blue colors. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10).

CONSTANT VARIETIES
7 heller on 5 heller, green, overprint red
I Overprint error: 1915 instead of 7 Heller “1915” instead of “7 Heller”, appears on the 49th field
II On the first stamp rosette is closer to 1915 than on the second stamp Spacing between rosettes and 1915:

  • 1½ mm.,
  • 2½ mm.
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint blue
I Overprint error: 7 Heller instead of 12 heller “7 Heller” instead of “12 Heller”, appears on the 16th filed.
II Types of 2 in the overprint Thin and thick numbers “2” in “12 Heller”

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint blue
1 Four types of overprints depending on the widths of the lines in the overprint:

  • first line 16 mm; second line 14 mm,
  • first line 16 mm; second line 16 mm,
  • first line 18 mm; second line 14 mm,
  • first line 18 mm; second line 16 mm.
Note the differences in the width of the rows

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
7 heller on 5 heller, green, overprint red
A Horizontally shifted overprint Shifted overprint - horizontal

 

19 January 1916. The fourth war charity issue. Stamps with the effigy of Francis Joseph stamps, issued in 1912, overprinted with year mark 1916 in letterpress in red and blue colors. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10).

CONSTANT VARIETIES
7 heller on 5 heller, green, overprint red
I Thin and thick numbers 7 in 7 Heller Thin and thick numbers “7” in “7 Heller”.
II Dot after 7 Heller is missing on the first stamp Dot after “7 Heller” missing.
12 heller on 10 heller, carmine, overprint blue
I Thin and thick number 2 in 12 Heller Thin and thick number “2” in “12 Heller”

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
1 Horizontally shifted overprint Shifted overprint
2 Inverted overprint Inverted overprint

 

28 June 1917. Commemorative issue upon the third year from assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophia in Sarajevo. Designed by Cossmann, printed in letterpress, perforation 12½ and 11½.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
15 heller + 2 heller, claret
A A scar on Archduke’s face. A scar on Archduke's face.

 

1 September 1918. Provisional issue. Stamps of 2 heller from the Commemorative issue and 2 heller from the first Francis Joseph issue overprinted with red overprint 1918 in letterpress.

Due to the increase of postage fees for postal stationery cards from 8 to 10 heller, there was a need for additional 2 heller stamps.

Stamp Circulation
2 heller, violet 100.000 (?)
2 heller, light blue 300.000

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES APPEARING ON BOTH VALUES Field number
I Damaged number 8 in the overprint, which makes it look like 3. 41
II First numeral 1 in 1918 rotated to the left First numeral 1 in 1918 rotated to the left. 44

 

SUSPICIOUS AND SPECULATIVE OVERPRINTS APPEARING ON BOTH VALUES
1 Inverted overprints. Inverted overprint on 2 heller stamp of the Commemorative Issue Inverted overprint on 2 heller stamp of the Francis Joseph issue Inverted overprint with overprint error 1913 (damaged number 8) Inverted overprint with rotated number 1 in 1918
2 Double overprints. Double overprint
3 Double head to tail overprints. Double head to tail overprint, one with damaged 8 (1913 instead of 1918)

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
A Red smear on the left side (druckspeiss) Red smear on the left side (druckspeiss)

 

Bibliography


  1. Fleck, Vladimir (1941): Priručnik Maraka Hrvatskih Zemalja, Book 1, Tome 1, Hrvatski Filatelistički Savez, Zagreb
  2. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447