Commemorative Issue of 1918
On 29 October 1918, the parliament (Sabor) of the Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia cut all ties with Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. To commemorate the event, a decision was taken to issue a special set of postal stamps. Stamps were designed by Mr. Rudolf Sabljak and Mr. Rudolf Valić and printed in Zemaljska Tiskara in Zagreb in lithography, perforation line 11½.
At first it was planned to issue only one stamp with denomination of 50 filler, later it was decided to issue a set of 4 stamps in total circulation of 100.000 stamps:
- 10 filler, red (30.000),
- 15 filler, purple (30.000),
- 25 filler, blue (25.000),
- 45 filler, gray green (15.000).
The stamps were in use only one day – on 29 November 1918 – in about 234 post offices across Croatia. Consequently, all used stamps should bear postmark with this date.
Transmission of images during production of printing plates was obviously done in pairs as stamps in even-numbered columns differ from stamps in odd-numbered columns. Se-tenant pair are always of different types and a sheet of 100 is consisted of 50 stamps of each type.
|CONSTANT VARIETIES||Field number|
|I||White line over colored square in Croatian Coat of Arms.||2|
|II||White spot in square to the right from slave’s head.||57|
|I||White spot to the lower right from the slave.||71|
|I||White spot in square to the right from slave’s head.||28|
Not long after commemorative stamps were issued a mass of essays, printing trials, “reprints” on different types of papers and other dubious materials appeared on philatelic market. With them also a very well made forgery that confused contemporary philatelists into believing that there was also a second plate used in printing.
According to the literature (Ercegović, 1995: 91) the author and distributor of the forgeries was no other than the designer Rudolf Valić himself who in complicity with Zemaljska Tiskara in Zagreb produced small sheets of 16 stamps (4×4). Stamps from the so called “second plate” can be identified by differences in design.
|FORGERIES PRODUCED BY MR. VALIĆ|
Original to the left, forgery to the right.
|Characteristics of the Valić forgery:
For the full set click here.
- Fleck, Vladimir (1941): Priručnik Maraka Hrvatskih Zemalja, Book 1, Tome 2, Hrvatski Filatelistički Savez
- Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
- Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447