Definitive Issue of 1919 for Croatia and Slavonia
After secession from Hungary, the Directorate of Post in Zagreb begun with preparation of new definitive issue which was to be used on territories of Croatia and Slavonia only.
The stamps were designed by Lina Crnčić-Virant (2, 3 and 5 filler), Oto Antonini (10, 20, 24 and 45 filler) and Antun Koželj (1, 3 and 4 krone). The author of newspaper stamp is unknown. Stamps were printed in lithography by Zemaljska tiskara and in company Rožankowsky & Co. in circumstances that remain somewhat unknown. Stamps were put in circulation in January 1919.
The first matrix and the first printing plates for filler denominations were created in Zemaljska tiskara. They consisted of 100 stamps in layout 10 x 10 and were created from initial block of 10 stamps (5 x 2), which was then multiplied 10 times. The plates soon wore off and become unusable. Stamps printed by first plates are very rare and can be recognized only by large numerals of column and side value summations on sheet borders.
The printing of filler denominations was then transformed to another press: Rožankowsky & Co. There, the second printing plates with small numerals on sheet margins were created by using the first matrix obtained from Zemaljska tiskara. Stamps printed by this plate are identical to those printed by the first plate, the only difference are the small numerals on sheet margins, in case of 45 filler stamp the numerals on sheet margins are in “grotesque” font. Ercegović speculates that the second printing plate might be an attempt to print stamps in offset technique, which was soon abandoned (Ercegović, 1995: 97, 99).
Later, the second matrix for filler denominations was prepared in Rožankowsky & Co. with which the third printing plate was produced. Stamps from the third plate differ in design from those printed by the first and the second plates and are also the most common. Printing plates of 2, 3, 5 and 20 filler denominations were produced by multiplying initial block of 10 stamps in layout 5 x 2, and in case of the 10, 25 anf 45 filler denominations, the plates were produced from a block of 10 stamps in layout 10 x 1 (a row of 10).
Filler denominations – differentiating between prints
From the first plate denominations of 2, 3, 20, 25 and 45 filler were produced but only 25 and 45 filler stamps were delivered to post offices. From the second plate denominations of 2, 10, 20 and 45 filler were printed and from the third plate all filler denominations: 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, 25 and 45 filler.
|Denomination||1st Matrix: Zemaljska tiskara||2nd Matrix: Rožankowsky & Co.|
|1st Plate: Zemaljska tiskara||2nd Plate: Rožankowsky & Co.||3rd Plate: Rožankowsky & Co.|
Large side numerals were used only on 1st plate.
Small side numerals with decimal dot on top were used on 2nd and 3rd plate.
|2 filler||Only printer’s waste or not existing at all.||
Printing plate soon wore off and gave stamps a “watery” impression.
|3 filler||Reported to be seen in printing office.||–||All values.|
Numeral 1 in denomination larger
Numeral 1 and zero of equal
|20 filler||Only printer’s waste.||It is hard to differentiate between the 2nd and the 3rd plates unless stamps are in larger blocks or sheet fragments. Typical for the 3rd plate is Type III: a dot in letter V in DRŽAVNA, which is not present on the 2nd plate. Stamps printed with 2nd plate have “watery” impression, lack detail and color appears to be blurry.|
Numeral 2 more regular and curved at the top, upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 bent downwards in the middle.
10 different types of numeral 2, upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 straight and pointing upwards.
Large numerals on sheet borders, numeral 5 bent in the middle. Thin and transparent paper.
Numeral 5 identical to first plate, side numerals in “grotesque” font, decimal dot at top. Thicker white paper.
Upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 straight and pointing upwards, small side numerals, decimal dot at bottom.
Stamps of 1, 3 and 5 krone were printed in Zemaljska tiskara where printing sheet consisted of 2 sheets of stamps, each having 100 stamps in layout 10 by 10. At Rožankowsky & Co. the identical printing plates were created with only one difference: they consisted of 400 stamps which were then divided into sheets of 100.
Stamps were printed on many different types of papers. In filler denominations, the following types of papers are known to exist:
- white or grayish regular, porous: all values
- thick: 5 in 20 filler
- thin: 10, 25 and 45 filler
Krone values were printed on smooth porous paper of irregular thickness. Very thin and thick papers are rare. In rare occasions a horizontal line that resembles a watermark can be found on krone denomination stamps. These are unintentional side results in paper production.
|Greasy effect created by
gum that penetrated paper.
Gum on filler denominations are known to exist in many varieties: white, yellowish or brown yellow, even grayish or reddish (on 25 filler) were reported. Sometimes it unrefined and contains black dots and other impurities. The gum can be applied thinly, thickly, evenly or unevenly. Many times parts of sheets remained without gum. Sometimes gum penetrates paper which creates an impression of greasiness.
In general, perforation is line 11½ and differs in appearance, with large or small holes. Smaller ammount of 2, 3, 5, 10 and 20 filler stamps were also perforated comb 12½, the 5 filler stamp is especially rare. A lot of anomalies in perforation exist.
Types and varieties
A. First plate
|POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)|
|1||Colored dot left from the numeral 2.|
B. Second plate
C. Third plate
|POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)|
|1||Colored spots below letters V and A in DRŽAVNA.|
|1||Apostrophe sign after the second letter S in SHS.|
|2||Horizontal stroke of letter A prolonged in word POŠTA.|
|COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES – PERFORATIONS|
|SPECIAL POSTAGE USAGES – POSTAGE DUES|
Note: franco stamps used as postage dues come in many forms.
|SHEETS OF STAMPS – THIRD PLATE|
|2 filler, sheet D
5 filler, sheet B
20 filler, sheet B
20 filler, sheet C, top half (10 x 5), 20 filler, sheet C, bottom left (5 x 5), 20 filler, sheet C, bottom right (5 x 5)
- Fleck, Vladimir (1941): Priručnik Maraka Hrvatskih Zemalja, Book 1, Tome 2, Hrvatski Filatelistički Savez
- Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
- Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447