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Definitive Issue of 1919 for Croatia and Slavonia


After secession from Hungary, the Directorate of Post in Zagreb begun with preparation of new definitive issue which was to be used on territories of Croatia and Slavonia only.

The stamps were designed by Lina Crnčić-Virant (2, 3 and 5 filler), Oto Antonini (10, 20, 24 and 45 filler) and Antun Koželj (1, 3 and 4 krone). The author of newspaper stamp is unknown. Stamps were printed in lithography by Zemaljska tiskara and in company Rožankowsky & Co. in circumstances that remain somewhat unknown. Stamps were put in circulation in January 1919.

Characteristics


Filler denominations
The first matrix and the first printing plates for filler denominations were created in Zemaljska tiskara. They consisted of 100 stamps in layout 10 x 10 and were created from initial block of 10 stamps (5 x 2), which was then multiplied 10 times. The plates soon wore off and become unusable. Stamps printed by first plates are very rare and can be recognized only by large numerals of column and side value summations on sheet borders.

The printing of filler denominations was then transformed to another press: Rožankowsky & Co. There, the second printing plates with small numerals on sheet margins were created by using the first matrix obtained from Zemaljska tiskara. Stamps printed by this plate are identical to those printed by the first plate, the only difference are the small numerals on sheet margins, in case of 45 filler stamp the numerals on sheet margins are in “grotesque” font. Ercegović speculates that the second printing plate might be an attempt to print stamps in offset technique, which was soon abandoned (Ercegović, 1995: 97, 99).

Later, the second matrix for filler denominations was prepared in Rožankowsky & Co. with which the third printing plate was produced. Stamps from the third plate differ in design from those printed by the first and the second plates and are also the most common. Printing plates of 2, 3, 5 and 20 filler denominations were produced by multiplying initial block of 10 stamps in layout 5 x 2, and in case of the 10, 25 anf 45 filler denominations, the plates were produced from a block of 10 stamps in layout 10 x 1 (a row of 10).

Filler denominations – differentiating between prints
From the first plate denominations of 2, 3, 20, 25 and 45 filler were produced but only 25 and 45 filler stamps were delivered to post offices. From the second plate denominations of 2, 10, 20 and 45 filler were printed and from the third plate all filler denominations: 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, 25 and 45 filler.

Denomination 1st Matrix: Zemaljska tiskara 2nd Matrix: Rožankowsky & Co.
1st Plate: Zemaljska tiskara 2nd Plate: Rožankowsky & Co. 3rd Plate: Rožankowsky & Co.

Large side numerals were used only on 1st plate.

Small side numerals with decimal dot on top were used on 2nd and 3rd plate.
2 filler Only printer’s waste or not existing at all. Yugoslavia Croatia 1919 second printing 2 filler stamp
Printing plate soon wore off and gave stamps a “watery” impression.
3 filler Reported to be seen in printing office. All values.
10 filler
Numeral 1 in denomination larger
than zero.

Numeral 1 and zero of equal
heights.
20 filler Only printer’s waste. It is hard to differentiate between the 2nd and the 3rd plates unless stamps are in larger blocks or sheet fragments. Typical for the 3rd plate is Type III: a dot in letter V in DRŽAVNA, which is not present on the 2nd plate. Stamps printed with 2nd plate have “watery” impression, lack detail and color appears to be blurry.
25 filler
Numeral 2 more regular and curved at the top, upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 bent downwards in the middle.

10 different types of numeral 2, upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 straight and pointing upwards.
45 filler
Large numerals on sheet borders, numeral 5 bent in the middle. Thin and transparent paper.

Numeral 5 identical to first plate, side numerals in “grotesque” font, decimal dot at top. Thicker white paper.

Upper horizontal stroke of numeral 5 straight and pointing upwards, small side numerals, decimal dot at bottom.

 

Krone denominations
Stamps of 1, 3 and 5 krone were printed in Zemaljska tiskara where printing sheet consisted of 2 sheets of stamps, each having 100 stamps in layout 10 by 10. At Rožankowsky & Co. the identical printing plates were created with only one difference: they consisted of 400 stamps which were then divided into sheets of 100.

Paper
Stamps were printed on many different types of papers. In filler denominations, the following types of papers are known to exist:

Krone values were printed on smooth porous paper of irregular thickness. Very thin and thick papers are rare. In rare occasions a horizontal line that resembles a watermark can be found on krone denomination stamps. These are unintentional side results in paper production.

SHS Croatia 1919 greasy gum
Greasy effect created by
gum that penetrated paper.

Gum
Gum on filler denominations are known to exist in many varieties: white, yellowish or brown yellow, even grayish or reddish (on 25 filler) were reported. Sometimes it unrefined and contains black dots and other impurities. The gum can be applied thinly, thickly, evenly or unevenly. Many times parts of sheets remained without gum. Sometimes gum penetrates paper which creates an impression of greasiness.

Perforation
In general, perforation is line 11½ and differs in appearance, with large or small holes. Smaller ammount of 2, 3, 5, 10 and 20 filler stamps were also perforated comb 12½, the 5 filler stamp is especially rare. A lot of anomalies in perforation exist.

Types and varieties


A. First plate

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored dot left from the numeral 2. SHS Yugoslavia Croatia postage stamp flaw, second plate

 

B. Second plate

SECOND PLATE: TYPES
20 filler
SHS Yugoslavia Croatia postage stamps second plate 20 filler types There are two types of 20 filler stamp:

  • Type I: the last letter A in HRVATSKA with horizontal line on top,
  • Type II: the letter A without the horizontal line.

Note: Types I and II of the second plate are identical to those of the third plate. The difference is in the pattern in which types appear in a sheet:

 

C. Third plate

TYPES
2 filler
SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 2 filler postage stamp types
Types II and I
  • Type I: open inner left frame of denomination value box.
  • Type II: the frame is undamaged.

Type I appears on fields 1, 6, 21, 26, 41, 46, 61, 66, 81 and 86.

5 filler
SHS Croatia 5 filler postage stamp types
Types I to X
In the initial block of 10 (5 x 2) there are 10 different types of numeral 5 that are very difficult to differentiate between. The most prominent is type VI with additional colored dot in the field on the right side from numeral 5.
20 filler
SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 20 filler postage stamp types 1 and 2
Types I and II
SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 20 filler postage stamp type 3
Type III
  • Type I: the last letter A in HRVATSKA with horizontal line on top.
  • Type II: the letter A without the horizontal line.
  • Type III: dot in letter V of DRŽAVNA.

Note: The pattern in which types appear in a sheet:

45 filler
SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 45 filler postage stamp types 2 and 1
Types II and I
  • Type I: letter N in DRŽAVNA regular.
  • Type II: the letter N with prolonged lower serif.

Type II appears in the 10 column of the sheet.

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
2 filler Field number
I SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 2 filler postage stamp plate flaw: White spot on lower horizontal stroke of numeral 2 White spot on lower horizontal stroke of numeral 2. 96, sheet D
5 filler Field number
I SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 5 filler postage stamp plate flaw: White dot on top of numeral 5 White dot on top of numeral 5. 83, sheet B
II SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 5 filler postage stamp plate flaw: The second linden leaf deformed The second linden leaf deformed. 83, sheet B
III SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 5 filler postage stamp plate flaw: Sun rays on the right side of the design damaged Sun rays on the right side of the design damaged. 9, sheet C
20 filler Field number
I SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 20 filler postage stamp plate flaw: Numeral 2 in denomination value covered with color Numeral 2 in denomination value covered with color. 100, sheet C
II SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 20 filler postage stamp plate flaw: Sailor with white belt Sailor with white belt. 8, sheet B
III SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 20 filler postage stamp plate flaw: Letter T in HRVATSKA deformed Letter T in HRVATSKA deformed. 96, sheet B
1 krone Field number
I SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 1 krone postage stamp plate flaw: White spot left from inscription SHS White spot left from inscription SHS. 71

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
25 filler
1 Colored spots below letters V and A in DRŽAVNA. SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 25 filler postage stamp plate error: Colored spots below letters V and A in DRŽAVNA
1 krone
1 Apostrophe sign after the second letter S in SHS. SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 1 krone postage stamp plate error: Apostrophe sign after the second letter S in SHS
2 Horizontal stroke of letter A prolonged in word POŠTA. SHS Yugoslavia Croatia 1 krone postage stamp plate flaw: Horizontal stroke of letter A prolonged in word POŠTA

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES – PERFORATIONS
SHS Hrvatska Double perforation and 2 types SHS Hrvatska Shifted perforation Hrvatska Yugoslavia perforation error postage stamp Yugoslavia Croatia 1919 postage stamp Shifted perforation Yugoslavia Croatia postage stamp error Yugoslavia, Croatia 1919 stamp error: double perforation

 

SPECIAL POSTAGE USAGES – POSTAGE DUES
Yugoslavia Croatia 1919 provisional postage due stamp Yugoslavia Hrvatska 1919 postage due stamp provisorium
Note: franco stamps used as postage dues come in many forms.

 

SHEETS OF STAMPS – THIRD PLATE
2 filler, sheet D
5 filler, sheet B
20 filler, sheet B
20 filler, sheet C, top half (10 x 5), 20 filler, sheet C, bottom left (5 x 5), 20 filler, sheet C, bottom right (5 x 5)

 

Bibliography


  1. Fleck, Vladimir (1941): Priručnik Maraka Hrvatskih Zemalja, Book 1, Tome 2, Hrvatski Filatelistički Savez
  2. Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
  3. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447