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Independent State of Croatia:
Varieties on postage stamps with an effigy of dr. Ante Pavelić


Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp error Imperforate example with postal sheet marking

Print
Postage stamps of Ante Pavelić, the head of Independent State of Croatia, were designed by Karl Seizinger. His initials, K. S. are below the frame of each stamp.
The issue was printed in lithography in Državna tiskara in Zagreb. A press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps, each having 100 stamps. After printing a press sheet was cut in order to produce 4 postal sheets, each having 100 (10 x 10) stamps. Postal sheets were marked with numbers from 1 to 4.

The stamps of this issue appear in three different heights. It is unknown what is the cause of this occurrence.

Paper
Contemporary specialists noted differences in the thickness of paper, ranging from 0.05 to 0.08 mm. According to Ercegović (1995: 346) the difference is coincidental and derives from variations in production between batches. However, stamps on thick paper are more common.

Perforation
There are 6 different perforations used in this issue: comb perforation 14 and five different line perforations. For details please refer to the table below:

Denomination Date of issue Circulation Paper Perforation
A
(cca 0,07 mm)
B
(cca 0,06 mm)
A
(cca 0,05 mm)
comb 14 line 11½ line 12½ line 12½:12 line 13:12 line 13½:12 Imperforate
3.50 kuna, blue
(1st printing)
13.6.1943 115.000 + + + + +
3.50 kuna, blue
(2nd printing)
12.7.1943 885.000 + + + +
2 kuna, brown red lilac 24.11.1943 18.000.000 + + +
0.25 brown red 17.1.1944 5.000.000 + + + + + + +
12.50 kuna, dark gray 28.1.1944 10.000.000 + + + +
0.50 kuna, blue 9.2.1944 23.000.000 + + + + +
3.50 kuna, blue
(3rd printing)
20.2.1944 26.000.000 + + + +
3 kuna, brown carmine 13.4.1944 2.000.000 + + + + +
8 kuna, brown 13.4.1944 2.000.000 + + + + +
12 kuna, olive-brown 13.4.1944 2.000.000 + + + + + + +
18 kuna, light brown 13.4.1944 1.000.000 + + + +
32 kuna, dark brown 13.4.1944 1.000.000 + + +
50 kuna, blue green 13.4.1944 500.000 + + +
70 kuna, orange 13.4.1944 500.000 + + +
0.75 kuna, dark olive green 8.5.1944 3.000.000 + + + + +
1.50, black purple 8.5.1944 3.000.000 + + + + +
4 kuna, lilac 8.5.1944 2.000.000 + + +
5 kuna, blue 8.5.1944 2.000.000 + + + +
10 kuna, sepia 8.5.1944 3.000.000 + + +
100 kuna, blue lilac 8.5.1944 250.000 + + +
1 kuna, light green 17.5.1944 21.000.000 + + + + +
9 kuna, carmine 17.5.1944 2.000.000 + + + + +

Data in the table taken after Ercegović (1995: 334-346)

Coincidental varieties


Imperforate stamps of all values exist, as well as partially, double and blind perforated examples. Other coincidental varieties are in a form of small colorless spots and areas. Offsets are also known to exist.

Constant varieties and types


In tables below, the exact position of a variety in a sheet is indicated. A press sheet consisted of 4 postal sheets, having 100 stamps each. Postal sheets were unmarked.

In literature not all varieties were recorded. The possible constant varieties are presented in separate tables.

0.25 kuna, brown red
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp plate flaw White dot by the zero (Q) White dot by the zero (Q) 21
II Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp error Damaged letter H in HRVATSKA Damaged letter H in HRVATSKA 10
III Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp plate flaw White dot between letters T and S in HRVATSKA White dot between letters T and S in HRVATSKA 30
IV Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp plate flaw White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 93

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Thin scratch on the cap. Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp error Thin scratch on the cap
2 Colored spot below engraver’s sign K.S. Colored spot below engraver's sign K.S.
3 Colored spot between letters “N” and “D” in “N. D. HRVATSKA”. Colored spot between letters N and D in N. D. HRVATSKA

 


0.50 kuna, blue
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp plate flaw Damaged letter E in KUNE Damaged letter “E” in “KUNE” 77 77 77 77
II Croatia Ante Pavelic postage stamp plate flaw White dot on the chest (decoration) White dot on the chest (decoration) 17 17 17 17
III White dot on the chin White dot on the chin 95 95 95 95

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Two white dots. Two white dots

 

Coincidental varieties
A Double perforation vertically. Double perforation vertically

 


0.75 kuna, dark olive green
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White dot on by the frame decoration on the right side White dot on by the frame decoration on the right side 91
II White dot in the upper right area White dot in the upper right area 18
III White dot on the chin Colored dot on the numeral 5 on the left side 19
IV White line with a dot on the cap White line with a dot on the cap 90

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 White dot on the cap. White dot on the cap
2 White dot in front of the cap shield. White dot in front of the cap shield
3 Thin line above numeral 7 in denomination value to the right.

 


1 kuna, light green
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Dot on the collar and damaged right side of the frame Dot on the collar and damaged right side of the frame 20 20 20 20
II White dot on the collar White dot on the collar 12
III Broken letter N in N.D. Broken letter N in N.D. 45

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Horizontal scratch on the epaulet. Horizontal scratch on the epaulet
2 White dot on number 1 on the left side. White dot on number 1 on the left side

 


1.50, black purple
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Colored dot on the top of the ear Colored dot on the top of the ear 55 55

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Broken inner frame on the right. Broken inner frame on the right
2 White dot on the nape of the neck. White dot on the nape of the neck
3 Triangular spot on the ear. Triangular spot on the ear

 


2 kuna, brown red lilac
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White dot in front of the right eye (monocle) White dot in front of the right eye (monocle) 31 31 31 31
II White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 61 61 61 61
III White dot on the cap, above the button White dot on the cap, above the button 93 93 93 93
IV White line on the temples White line on the temples 14
V White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 91

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Damaged letter “R” in “HRVATSKA”. Damaged letter R in HRVATSKA
2 White dot on the cap. White dot on the cap
3 White dot on the cap (just as No. 2 above) and a smudge in front of the chin. White dot on the cap (just as No. 2 above) and a smudge in front of the chin
4 White dot on the cap and another in front of the nose. White dot on the cap and another in front of the nose
5 Small white dot on the cap. Small white dot on the cap
6 White dot on top of the nose, just below the shield. White dot on top of the nose, just below the shield.

 


3 kuna, brown carmine
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White line on the temples White line on the temples 4
II Colored dot in letter S in HRVATSKA Colored dot in letter S in HRVATSKA 51
III Colored smudge on the border of the cap Colored smudge on the border of the cap 63
IV White line on the temples White line on the temples 97
V White dot below the chin White dot below the chin 38
VI White dots on the chin and on the cap White dots on the chin and on the cap 54

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Horizontal line in front of the cap and a dot behind the neck. Horizontal line in front of the cap and a dot behind the neck

 


3.50 kuna, blue
Constant varieties
Date of issue 13.6.1943 12.7.1943 20.2.1944
Postal sheets within a press sheet 2 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
I White circle on the collar (the button) White circle on the collar (the button). Appears on the issue from 12.7.1943. 34
II Two white spots around the letter T in HRVATSKA Two white spots around the letter T in HRVATSKA 3
III White dot above denomination box on the left White dot above denomination box on the left 76
IV White dot between numerals 3 and 5 in denomination on the right White dot between numerals 3 and 5 in denomination on the right 94

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 White dot in front of the chin. White dot in front of the chin
2 Big colored dot in front of the chin. Big colored dot in front of the chin
3 White dot in front of the cap. White dot in front of the cap

 

Coincidental varieties
A Horizontally Imperforate Horizontally imperforate
B Offset Offset
C Paper crease Paper crease

 


4 kuna, lilac
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Two vertical lines on the cap Two vertical lines on the cap 24
II Border of the cap broken (stamp on the left) Border of the cap broken 42
III White dot on the cap (stamp on the right) White dot on the cap 43
IV Colored dot in the first A of HRVATSKA Colored dot in the first A of HRVATSKA 46
V Colored dot in the letter H of HRVATSKA Colored dot in the letter H of HRVATSKA 50
VI White dot on the cheeks White dot on the cheeks 70
VII White dot on the letter K in KUNE and the numeral on the right side White dot on the letter K in KUNE and the numeral on the right side 8
VIII Colored dot in the letter D in N.D. Colored dot in the letter D in N.D. 11
IX Colored dot below the numeral on the right side Colored dot below the numeral on the right side 64
X Colored dot in letter T in HRVATSKA Colored dot in letter T in HRVATSKA 75
XI White comma between letters S and K in HRVATSKA White comma between letters S and K in HRVATSKA 83
XII Colored dot below numeral 4 on the right side and white scratch on the uniform Colored dot below numeral 4 on the right side and white scratch on the uniform 74

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 White scratch above the cap on the right side White scratch above the cap on the right side
2 Colored dot in letter K of KUNE. Found on plate 3, field 92. Colored dot in letter K of KUNE
3 Colored dot below letter U of KUNE and broken outer frame on the left side. Found on plate 3, field 84. Colored dot below letter U of KUNE and broken outer frame on the left side

 


5 kuna, blue
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White dot on the cap (stamp on the left) White dot on the cap 9
II Big white spot on the collar (stamp to the right) Big white spot on the collar 10
III White horizontal line on the inner frame just above denomination on the left White horizontal line on the inner frame just above denomination on the left 17
IV White dot on the temples White dot on the temples 20
V White dot on the chest, right above letter A in KUNA White dot on the chest, right above letter A in KUNA 24
VI Broken outer frame on the right side Broken outer frame on the right side 28
VII White dot next to the epaulet White dot next to the epaulet 85
VIII Horizontal line above the letter N in KUNA Horizontal line above the letter N in KUNA 96
IX Big white spot on the collar Big white spot on the collar 10
X Horizontal line behind the ear Horizontal line behind the ear 36
XI Vertical white scratch on the collar Vertical white scratch on the collar 38
XII White dot on the chest White dot on the chest 51
XIII White dot next to the left inner frame White dot next to the left inner frame 73
XIV Apostrophe between letters K and U in KUNA Apostrophe between letters K and U in KUNA 88
XV Scratch in the upper part of the denomination box on the left Scratch in the upper part of the denomination box on the left 94
XVI White horizontal line below letter K in HRVATSKA White horizontal line below letter K in HRVATSKA 1
XVII White dot inside the letter D in N.D. White dot inside the letter D in N.D. 4
XVIII Thin white line on the cap Thin white line on the cap 30
XIX White dot on the letter K in KUNA White dot on the letter K in KUNA 34
XX White dot on the temples White dot on the temples 88
XXI White dot above the letter V in HRVATSKA White dot above the letter V in HRVATSKA 92
XXII Big white dot above the cap Big white dot above the cap 93
XXIII Damaged upper part of the letter K in KUNA Damaged upper part of the letter K in KUNA 97

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 White dot above the letter “T” in “HRVATSKA” White dot above the letter T in HRVATSKA
2 Colored dot on the cap. Colored dot on the cap
3 White dot on the left side below the chin. White dot on the left side below the chin
4 White dot on the uniform. White dot on the uniform
5 White spot in the field.

 


8 kuna, brown
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White dot behind the letter A in KUNA White dot behind the letter A in KUNA 40
II White dot next to denomination on the left White dot next to denomination on the left 45
III Color dot in the letter H in HRVATSKA Color dot in the letter H in HRVATSKA 73
IV Big white spot below chin Big white spot below chin 20
V Broken letter K in KUNA (thin line) Broken letter K in KUNA (thin line) 23
VI White dot above the cap White dot above the cap 71
VII White dot next to the denomination on the right White dot next to the denomination on the right 75
VIII White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 76

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 White dot above the cap, below letters “V” and “A” of “HRVATSKA” White dot above the cap, below letters V and A of HRVATSKA
2 White dot on the left cheek White dot on the left cheek

 


9 kuna, carmine
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White horizontal line touching the inner frame in the denomination on the left White horizontal line touching the inner frame in the denomination on the left 90

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored dot behind the collar. Colored dot behind the collar

 


10 kuna, sepia
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White dot on the lower left part of the letter U in KUNA White dot on the lower left part of the letter U in KUNA 49
II White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 48
III Broken outer frame on the left Broken outer frame on the left 95

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored dot on the cap. Colored dot on the cap
2 White dot on the cap. White dot on the cap

 


12 kuna, olive-brown
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Colored dot on the collar Colored dot on the collar 17
II White apostrophe between letters D and H in N.D. HRVATSKA White apostrophe between letters D and H in N.D. HRVATSKA 24
III Two thin white vertical lines below the chin Two thin white vertical lines below the chin 16
IV Broken inner frame below letter A in HRVATSKA Broken inner frame below letter A in HRVATSKA 32
V Broken line on top of the cap Broken line on top of the cap 58
VI Broken line on top of the cap Big smudge connecting letters T and S in HRVATSKA 78
VII Damaged letter N in KUNA Damaged letter N in KUNA 84

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Small colored dot on the collar. Small colored dot on the collar

 


12.50 kuna, dark gray
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Two colored dots on the lower lip Two colored dots on the lower lip 68
II White dots between letters V and A in HRVATSKA White dots between letters V and A in HRVATSKA 23 23 23
III Thin line below the ear Thin line below the ear 54 54 54
IV White spot on the chest White spot on the chest 66 66 66
V One dark dot on the lower lip One dark dot on the lower lip 68

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored dot on the nose (a wart). Colored dot on the nose (a wart)
2 White dot on the neck. White dot on the neck
3 White dot on the cap. White dot on the cap
4 Broken letter V in HRVATSKA. Found on plate 4, field 3. Broken letter V in HRVATSKA

 

Coincidental varieties
A Offset Offset

 


18 kuna, light brown
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Thin line over the letter H in HRVATSKA Thin line over the letter H in HRVATSKA 51
II White dot next to the letter K in KUNA White dot next to the letter K in KUNA 61
III Big colored spot between letters U and N in KUNA Big colored spot between letters U and N in KUNA 84
IV White dot to the left side of the letter N in N.D. White dot to the left side of the letter N in N.D. 87
V White dot on the cap White dot on the cap 97

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Damaged letter “K” in engraver’s sign “K.S.” Damaged letter K in engraver's sign K.S.
2 White dot on the inner side of the right border. White dot on the inner side of the right border
3 White smudge behind the cap. White smudge behind the cap

 


32 kuna, dark brown

 

Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Thin line braking the inner frame in the upper right corner Thin line braking the inner frame in the upper right corner 86
II Thin line braking the inner frame in the upper right corner Thin curved line braking the right frame 100 100 100 100
III Thin horizontal line in front of the shield Thin horizontal line in front of the shield 55

 

Coincidental varieties
A Offset Offset

 


50 kuna, blue green
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Thin line below letter A in KUNA Thin line below letter A in KUNA 61 61 61 61
II Colored spot on the left side of the left denomination box Colored spot on the left side of the left denomination box 72

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Smudge on the back of the cap. Smudge on the back of the cap

 

Coincidental varieties
A Offset Offset

 


70 kuna, orange
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I White smudge above the letter K in HRVATSKA White smudge above the letter “K” in “HRVATSKA” 38 38 38 38
II Broken letter R in HRVATSKA Broken letter R in HRVATSKA 21

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored smudge above the letter “S” in “HRVATSKA” Colored smudge above the letter S in HRVATSKA
2 White dot below the chin. White dot below the chin

 


100 kuna, blue lilac
Constant varieties
Postal sheets within a press sheet 1 2 3 4
I Big white dot on the border of the cap Big white dot on the border of the cap 94
II Colored dot on shirt's collar Colored dot on shirt’s collar 30
III Colored dot the letter D in N.D. Colored dot the letter D in N.D. 36
IV Thin horizontal line above letter H in HRVATSKA Thin horizontal line above letter H in HRVATSKA 44
V White and colored thin lines on the uniform White and colored thin lines on the uniform 87 87 87 87

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
1 Small scratch at the back of the cap Small scratch at the back of the cap
2 Scratch in front of the nose. Scratch in front of the nose
3 White dot on the cap. White dot on the cap
4 Colored dot on the cap. Colored dot on the cap

 

Complete sheets of stamps


Please note the files are large and they will take time to load.

Date of issue 13.6.1943 12.7.1943
Postal sheets within a press sheet 2 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Denomination
0.25 kuna, brown red Link Link Link Missing
0.50 kuna, blue Missing Missing Link Missing
0.75 kuna, dark olive green Missing Link Link Link
1 kuna, light green Link Link Part 1 Part 2 Missing
1.50, black purple Link Missing Missing Missing
2 kuna, brown red lilac Missing Link Missing Link
3 kuna, brown carmine Link Missing Link Missing
3.50 kuna, blue Missing Link Missing Missing Missing Missing Link Missing Missing Missing
4 kuna, lilac Link Missing Link Missing
5 kuna, blue Link Link Missing Link
8 kuna, brown Missing Link Link Missing
9 kuna, carmine Missing Missing Missing Link
10 kuna, sepia Missing Link Link Link
12 kuna, olive-brown Missing Link Link Link
12.50 kuna, dark gray Missing Missing Link Link
18 kuna, light brown Link Missing Missing Link
32 kuna, dark brown Missing Missing Link Link
50 kuna, blue green Missing Link Missing Missing
70 kuna, orange Missing Missing Missing Link
100 kuna, blue lilac Missing Link Missing Missing

 

Bibliography


  1. Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
  2. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447