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Independent State of Croatia:
Types and varieties on semi-postal and commemorative postage stamps


12 October 1941. The first issue for Croatian Red Cross.

Designed by Oto Antonini, printed in offset and letterpress (red cross) by Tipografija d.d. Paper thick, gum glossy, lightly yellowish and thick, frequently with bubbles. Perforation line: 10½ : 10.
Printed in sheets of 25. Valid until 31 May 1942. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

These stamps were printed in two runs, 350.000 complete sets in total. In the first run the printing sheet consisted of 4 postal sheets and in the second it consisted only of 2. The types that appear on these stamps are present only on stamps of the first run and only on one of the four postal sheets. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination
1st printing 2nd printing Destroyed
Circulation Sheet Circulation Sheet
1.50 + 1.50 kn, Prussian blue and red 150.000 200.000 1.50 + 1.50 kn 133
2 + 2 kn kn, olive brown and red 150.000 2 + 2 kn 200.000 2 + 2 kn 166
4 + 4 kn brown lake and red 100.000 250.000 4 + 4 kn 147

 

Engraver’s mark appears on the 17th field on value 1.50 + 1.50 kn, 9th field on value 2 + 2 kn and 17th field on value 4 + 4 kn, but not on every sheet. In total 1875 stamps with engraver’s mark were produced on values 1.50 + 1.50 kn and 2 + 2 kn, and 1250 stamps on 4 + 4 kn.

TYPES
2 + 2 kn kn, olive brown and red Field number
I Croatia, postage stamp type, Red Cross 1942: Markings on the dagger in the form of the patriarchal cross Markings on the dagger in the form of the patriarchal cross. 9
(8th stamp)
4 + 4 kn kn, brown lake and red Field number
I Croatia 1941 Red Cross postage stamp with engraver mark Inverted triangle on the left sleeve (the left stamp). 17
(13th stamp)

 

5 December 1941. Charity and propaganda stamp with surtax for organizers of the exhibition “The Decisive Battle at the East” (Presudna borba na Istoku).

Unknown designer, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Paper thin and white, gum white, perforation line 11-11½.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 White spot on cheek of second soldier. Croatia 1942 Borba udruzene Evrope na Istoku postage stamp flaw: white spot on cheek of second soldier
2 Colored spot in left frame, next to letter B of BORBA. Croatia 1942 Borba udruzene Evrope na Istoku postage stamp flaw colored spot on frame

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
1 Perforation variety (dimensions). Croatia 1942 Borba udruzene Evrope na Istoku postage stamp perforation error

 

25 March 1942. Aviation Exposition in Zagreb.

Designed by Rudolf Valić and prepared by S. Mirosavljević and Tomšić, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11½ and imperforate.

Valid until 30th of June 1942. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

Stamps were printed in press sheets of 6 sheets of stamps each: 3 sheets of 24 stamps (Type II) and 3 sheets of 25 stamps (Type I).

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
Type I
(25 stamps)
Type II
(24 stamps)
2 + 2 kn., sepia 245.000 74.101 2 + 2 kn. 2 + 2 kn.
2.50 + 2.50 kn., dark green 245.000 74.083 2.50 + 2.50 kn. 2.50 + 2.50 kn.
3 + 3 kn., brown carmine 245.000 74.123 3 + 3 kn. 3 + 3 kn.
4 + 4 kn., deep blue 245.000 74.024 4 + 4 kn. 4 + 4 kn.

 

All values exist with a numeral in the lower right corner (on the 12th field in a sheet). Author’s intention was to indicate the year mark 1942 by putting one number on each stamp. Instead, when stamps are sorted by their values, year mark 1924 is indicated.

TYPES OF POSTAGE STAMPS Field number
I Croatia, postage stamp type aviation exhibition: Mark 1 in the lower right corner Mark 1 in the lower right corner on 2 + 2 kn. stamp. 12
II Croatia, postage stamp type, aviation exhibition: Mark 9 in the lower right corner Mark 9 in the lower right corner on 2.50 + 2.50 kn. stamp. 12
III Croatia, postage stamp type: Mark 2 in the lower right corner Mark 2 in the lower right corner on 3 + 3 kn. stamp. 12
IV Croatia, postage stamp type: Mark 2 in the lower right corner Mark 4 in the lower right corner on 4 + 4 kn. stamp. 12
TYPES OF SOUVENIR SHEETS Field number
I Croatia 1942 souvenir sheet type designer mark R
Souvenir sheet
Black letter R (Rudolf) in the lower right corner. Only on imperforate sheets.
II Croatia 1942 souvenir sheet type designer mark V
Souvenir sheet
White letter V (Valić) in the lower right corner. Only on those imperforate sheets where the airplane has colored spot at the end of the wing. Note: there also exist souvenir sheets with the spot at the end of the wing of the airplane but without designer’s sign. These are very rare.

 

9 April 1942. First anniversary of Croatian independence.

Stamps were printed on newly produced plates of the scenery set, as the border markings and constant varieties differ from the definitive issue of the scenery issue stamps. Perforation varies between 11 and 11¼

The stamps were printed by Tipografija d.d. in two colors: the stamp in photogravure and additional text (date with coat of arms) in offset. A press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps, each having 100 stamps. Two original printing plates (having 100 stamps each) were printed twice on a press sheet in order to produce 4 impressions of 100 stamps. In order to avoid “scramble” after head-to-tail stamps, the Postal Directorate ordered sheets of 100 to be split in the middle. The original postal sheet therefore consists of 50 stamps. Still, a considerable number of head-to-tail stamps came to the market.

Valid until 31st of May 1942. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed
2 kn., sepia 250.000 75
5 kn., dark carmine 250.000 4290
10 kn., dark green 250.000 3546

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
2 kn, sepia Field number*
I II
I Croatia, postage stamp plate error: Damaged numeral 2 in 1942 Damaged numeral 2 in 1942. 5
5 kn, carmine Field number*
I II
I First Anniversary of Croatian Independence stamp error white spot above letter A in KUNA White spot above letter A in KUNA. 35
II First Anniversary of Croatian Independence stamp error white spot with colored dot below the bridge White spot and colored dot below the bridge. 36
10 kn, black green
I Croatia, postage stamp type: Letter A (engraver's mark) in the center right Letter A (engraver’s mark) in the center right. 14
II Croatia, postage stamp type: Letter A (engraver's mark) in the lower left part Letter A (engraver’s mark) in the lower left part. 15
III NDH Croatia, postage stamp plate error: White dot on letter C in PLITVICE and damaged numeral 2 in 1942 White dot on letter C in PLITVICE and dameged numeral 2 in 1942. 5

* Roman numerals in Field column indicate halves of the original sheet.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
2 kn, sepia
1 Roman numerals I and V in overprint connected. Roman numerals I and V in overprint connected
1 Coat of arms damaged to the bottom left. NDH Croatia 1942 2 kune postage stamp flaw coat of arms damaged
10 kn, black green
1 Colored spot in the lake above letter P in PLITVICE. NDH Croatia, postage stamp error: Colored spot in the lake above letter P in PLITVICE
2 Disturbance in color on upper lake, below tree branches. First Anniversary of Croatian Independence stamp error: colored spot on lake
3 Underprint missing in the upper left part of the design. First Anniversary of Croatian Independence stamp error: missing underprint

 

13. June 1942. The first philatelic exhibition in Banja Luka.

Designed by Hinko Baranek, printed in photogravure by Tipografija d.d., paper offset, gum yellowish, perforation line 11. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10). Press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps: two sheets of commemorative and two sheets of definitive stamps, the latter printed without letters FI in the upper right corner. Click here to access the page of 100 kuna definitive issue.

Circulation: 100.000 stamps.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: Colored dots in the cloud to the left Colored dots in the cloud to the left. 20
II Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: White spot on the door of the house in the center White spot on the door of the house in the center. 47
III Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: Letter H in the tree top (probably a designer's signature) Letter H in the tree top (probably a designer’s signature). 56
IV Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: Wide white lines at the top of the ornament Wide white lines at the top of the ornament. 63
V Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: White dot at the top of the building to the left White dot at the top of the building to the left. 94
VI Croatia 1942 Banja Luka stamp error: Two colored spots in the left cloud Two colored spots in the left cloud. 97
SHEETS OF STAMPS
Complete sheet of stamps

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 White spot with colored dot left from minaret. Croatia 1942 Philatelic Exhibition postage stamp error

 

5 July 1942. Caritative issue for organization Pomoć (Help).

Designed by Oto Antonini, printed in photogravure by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, thick, gum yellowish, perforation line 11. Printed in sheets of 25 (5 x 5), press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps. Therefore varieties don’t appear on every sheet.

Valid until 31st of October 1942. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
3 + 1 kn., lake 250.000 110.435 3 + 1 kn., with varieties I and II
4 + 2 kn., dark brown 250.000 112.964 4 + 2 kn., with varieties I, II, III and IV
5 + 5 kn., deep blue green 250.000 113.587 5 + 5 kn., with varieties I and II, possible varieties 1 and 2

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3 + 1 kn., lake Field number
I White dot on letter E in NEZAVISNA White dot on letter E in NEZAVISNA. 1
II Croatia, stamp plate error: White circle on the cheek of the first trumpeter White circle on the cheek of first trumpeter. 5
III Croatia 1942 triangle on trousers of trumpeter Triangle on trousers of first trumpeter. 5
4 + 2 kn., dark brown
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Cross on white field above the letter D in DRŽAVA (the upper stamp) Cross on white field above the letter D in DRŽAVA. 11
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Damaged letter K in HRVATSKA (the lower below) Damaged letter K in HRVATSKA. 16
III Croatia, stamp plate error: Damaged frame below letter K in HRVATSKA (the first stamp) Damaged frame below letter K in HRVATSKA. 22
IV Croatia, stamp plate error: Dark circle next to the second flag to the right (the second stamp) Dark circle next to the second flag to the right. 23
5 + 5 kn., deep blue green
I Croatia, stamp plate error: White circle on baby's dress (the upper stamp) White circle on baby’s dress. 1
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Multiple white and colored dots on mother's hand and baby's dress (the lower stamp) Multiple white and colored dots on mother’s hand and baby’s dress. 6
III Croatia 1942 postage stamp flaw letter A on sleeve Letter A on mother’s sleeve. 7

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 White circle on baby’s left hand (field 9). Croatia 1942 charity postage stamp plate flaw: white circle on baby's left hand
2 White circle on mother’s neck (field 25). Croatia 1942 charity postage stamp flaw white circle on mother's neck

 

4 October 1942. The second issue for Croatian Red Cross.

Designed by Oto Antonini, printed in photogravure and letterpress (red cross) by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, thick, gum white, perforation line 11. Printed in sheets of 25 (5 x 5): 24 stamps and center field with red cross and coat of arms. Press sheet consisted of 6 sheets of stamps. Listed varieties don’t appear on every sheet.

Valid until 31st of October 1942. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

Note: stamps of 10 and 13 kuna had higher value than any postal letter service.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
1.50 + 0.50 kn., orange brown and red 528.000 318.349 1.50 + 0.50 kn., without varieties
3 + 1 kn., dull purple and red 768.000 536.299 3 + 1 kn., with varieties I and II
3 + 1 kn., without varieties
4 + 2 kn., deep blue and red 288.000 136.242 4 + 2 kn., with varieties I and II
4 + 2 kn., without varieties
10 + 5 kn., olive bister and red 240.000 80.723 10 + 5 kn., with variety I
13 + 6 kn., rose lake and red 144.000 4.948 13 + 3 kn., with varieties I and II

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
1.50 + 0.50 kn., orange brown and red Field number
I A sickle in girl’s left hand. 1
II Bright curved line below girl’s left hand. 22
3 + 1 kn., dull purple and red
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Thin line connecting the letter k in kn. and lower frame Thin line connecting the letter k in kn. and lower frame. 1
II Spot on girl's left hand (above numeral 1 in denomination) Spot on girl’s left hand (above numeral 1 in denomination). 4
4 + 2 kn., deep blue and red
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Bright line on letter n in kn. Bright line on letter n in kn. 5
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Bright circle on the right side of the inscription BOSNA Bright circle on the right side of the inscription BOSNA. 15
10 + 5 kn., olive bister and red
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Damaged letter H in HRVATSKA Damaged letter H in HRVATSKA. 9
13 + 6 kn., rose lake and red
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Vertical red spot on girl's belt Vertical red spot on girl’s belt. 1
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Dot between numeral 6 and letter k in denomination Dot between numeral 6 and letter k in denomination. 24

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1.50 + 0.50 kn., orange brown and red
1 Line connecting letter Z in NEZAVISNA and the left frame. Croatia Red Cross stamp error: Z and left frame joined
2 Comma sign between letters H and R in HRVATSKA. Croatia 1942 Red Cross stamp error comma between H and R
10 + 5 kn., olive bister and red
1 Horizontal line next to the letter S in NEZAVISNA. Croatia 1942 Red Cross Stamp flaw
2 Curved line between last letter A of NEZAVISNA and H of HRVATSKA. Croatia 1942 Dalmatia Red Cross stamp error

 

22 November 1942. For Ustaše Youth organization (Ustaška mladež).

Designed by Boldesar and Vulpe, printed in photogravure by the State Press in Vienna (Staatsdruckerei Wien). Paper white, gum yellowish, perforation line 14½. Printed in sheets of 16 (5 x 5): 16 stamps and 9 fields with names of demonstrators who died in Senj in 1937. Press sheet consisted of 8 sheets of stamps. Listed varieties don’t appear on every sheet.

Valid until 15th of February 1943. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
3 + 6 kn., dark red 800.000 287.395 Sheet with variety I
Sheet without varieties
4 + 7 kn., sepia 800.000 289.205 Sheet with varieties I and II
Sheet without varieties

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3 + 6 kn., dark red Field number
I Colored dot above the numeral 3 in denomination Colored dot above the numeral 3 in denomination. 24
(15th stamp)
4 + 7 kn., sepia
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Black dots below Ante Starčević's hand Black dots below Ante Starčević’s hand. 22
(14th stamp)
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Big colored circle in the upper right corner Big colored circle in the upper right corner. 25
(16th stamp)

 

17 January 1943. For State Labour Service (DRS stands for Državna radna služba).

Designed by R. Auer, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Watermarked white paper, thick, gum white, perforation line 11½. Stamps were printed in sheets of 9. 108.000 complete sets were printed. The issue was almost completely sold out.

Valid until 30th of April 1943. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
2 + 1 kn., gray olive green, sepia 108.000 2 + 1 kn.
3 + 3 kn., gray brown, sepia 108.000 3 + 3 kn.
4 + 7 kn., gray blue, sepia 108.000 7 + 4 kn.

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Dot on the worker's left hand Dot on the worker’s left hand. 4
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Broken letter V in HRVATSKA Broken letter V in HRVATSKA. 5

 

21 March 1943. 700 years from proclaiming Zagreb a free royal city.

The stamp was designed by Oto Antonini and printed by Tipografija d.d. in offset in three colors. Paper is white thin and semi transparent. Perforation is line, between 11 and 11¼ and imperforate. The printing of stamps was ordered twice (in 4.2.1943 and 8.3.1943).

It is assumed that 240.000 stamps were printed in sheets of 8 (4 x 2). The circulation is disputed as a result of the lack of official documents, the way the stamp was sold and due to the fact that this stamp was used overprinted after the war as a municipal stamp of the city of Zagreb (Ercegović, 1995: 291).

The stamp was in sale only on the exhibition Zagreb on stamps which held between 21st and 25th of March 1943 and organized by the municipality of Zagreb. It was sold by municipal employees (not postal) under condition that each visitor could get 4 stamps after buying 4 entrance tickets. The stamps were not sold in post offices, they came in circulation by agreements with Croatian Philatelic Society and Society of philatelic merchants to which a part of the circulation was ceded.

Valid until: 25 March 1943.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
3.50 kn., dark blue 240.000 ? Sheet with variety I only
Sheet with varieties I and II

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Broken 9 in 1942, appears on all sheets Broken 9 in 1942, appears on all sheets. 2
II Croatia, stamp plate error: White dot in the Bull, appears only in one part of the issue White dot in the Bull, appears only in one part of the issue. 8

 

7 July 1943. Notable historical figures.

Designed by Ivo Režek and engraved by Karl Seizinger. Printed in line engraving by State Press in Vienna (Staatsdruckerei Wien), paper white, gum yellowish, perforation line 12 : 12½ and imperforate.

CIRCULATION
Denomination Stamps printed Sheet
1 kn, dark blue 1.986.800 Click here
2 kn, dark olive green 2.000.000 Click here
3.50 kn, dark red 1.968.500 Click here

 

15 July 1943. For widows, children and families of Croatian legionnaires on the Russian Front.

Designed by Rudolf Valić, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Paper white (stamps) and white gray (souvenir sheets), gum white, perforation line 11½. Print sheets consisted of 4 unmarked postal sheets, each having 100 (10 x 10) stamps. Souvenir sheets were printed in print sheets of 36 (6 x 6).

These stamps were in obligatory use in July and August, unsold stamps were destroyed:

The start of the obligation was planned for the July 1st 1943 but due to the shortage of stamps it was postponed to the July 16th 1943. The shortage was caused by increased demand as the whole available quantity were immediately bought by the public and stamp dealers (especially the values of 1 + 0.50 kn and 9 + 50 kn).

Shipments franked by official stamps were exempt from paying the contribution. Recipient of the shipment without these stamps were obliged to pay double postage and double contribution. This was charged by postage dues, therefore the families of the legionnaires did not benefit from it. Users of franking machines were obliged to use the stamps.

CIRCULATION
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed
1 + 1.50 kn., green 2.130.000 374.140
2 + 1 kn., dark red 3.580.000 2.379.697
3.50 + 1.50 kn., dark blue 6.950.000 3.948.249
9 + 4.50 kn., chestnut 1.760.000 425.344
Souvenir sheet, perforated 200.000 950
Souvenir sheet, imperforate 200.000 970

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3.50 + 1.50 kuna, dark blue Field number
I II III IV
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Colored dot on soldier's nose Colored dot on soldier’s nose. 46, 96 46
II Croatia, stamp plate error: White spot on the lower part of the letter V in HRVATSKA White spot on the lower part of the letter “V” in “HRVATSKA”. 14, 86 31, 81, 86 31, 86 31
II Croatia, stamp plate error: Colored spots below the letter D in STALINGRAD Colored spots below the letter “D” in “STALINGRAD”. 76
9 + 4.50 kuna, chestnut
I Croatia, stamp plate error: Colored spot in front of soldier's nose Colored spot in front of soldier’s nose. 18, 68

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES
1 + 0.50 kuna, green
A Colored dot above the soldier’s cap. Croatia, stamp error: Colored dot above the soldier's cap
3.50 + 1.50 kuna, dark blue
A White dot on letters H and R in HRVATSKA and colored line below. Croatia postage stamp error legion on Russian front
B Colored dot in the field. Croatia Legion Stalingrad postage stamp error
9 + 4.50 kuna, chestnut
A Colored dot in the field below letter O in DON. Croatia 1943 Croatian Legion on Russian Front stamp error

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
3.50 + 1.50 kuna, dark blue
A Offset. Croatia, stamp error: Offset

 

12 September 1943. For the 3rd philatelic exhibition of the Croatian Philatelic Society.

Engraved by Karl Seizinger after the work of Vladimir Kirin. Printed in line engraving by the State Press in Vienna (Staatsdruckerei Wien). White paper, yellowish gum, perforation of stamps line 14&fac12; and imperforate, souvenir sheets 12½. Stamps were printed in sheets of 40 (8 x 5), a press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps. Souvenir sheets were printed in press sheets of 6, only one of them bears engraver’s signature.

Valid until 30th of September 1943. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Overprinted
Hrvatsko more 8. IX 1943
Sheets
18 + 9 kn., gray 560.000 120.000 18 + 9 kn.

 

TYPES Field number
I Croatia, stamp type: Engraver's sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the window above the door Engraver’s sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the window above the door. 22
II Croatia 1943 souvenir sheet type: Engraver's sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the left from the entrance Engraver’s sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the left from the entrance.
Note: According to Sezinger’s own remark, the “S” in souvenir sheet wasn’t engraved by him but probably by someone in the press.
1 out of 6 souvenir sheets

 

3 October 1943. The third issue for the Croatian Red Cross.

Designed by Ivo Režek and printed by Tipografija d.d. in offset and letterpress (red cross). Paper white, gum white glossy, perforation 11 and imperforate. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10), a press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps.

Valid until 31 December 1943. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3.50 + 1.50 kn, bright blue, red Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: Blue dot on mother's eye Blue dot on mother’s eye. 21., 26., 71. and 76

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
3.50 + 1.50 kn, bright blue, red
1 White dot between letters S and K in HRVATSKA. Croatia 1943 Red Cross stamp error
9 + 4 kn, yellow green and red
1 Indentation to the upper frame above the first letter A of HRVATSKA, small deformation of the left frame next to the first letter N in NEZAVISNA. Croatia 1943 Red Cross stamp flaw
10 + 5 kn, deep purple
1 Colored spot on mother’s dress, next to child’s face. Croatia 1943 Red Cross stamp error: colored dot on dress
32 + 12 kn, gray, red
1 Gray dot above the frame. ND Croatia 1943 Postage stamp error: Gray dot above the frame
2 Gray curved line on nurse’s cheek. Croatia 1943 Red Cross stamp error: gray line on nurse's cheek
3 Colored dot on top of nurse’s head. Croatia 1943 Red Cross stamp error: dot on nurse's head

 

12 December 1943. Famous Croats – Ruđer Bošković, astronomer and mathematician.

Designed by Ivo Režek and engraved by Karl Seitzinger. Stamps were printed in line engraving by State Press in Vienna (Staatsdruckerei Wien). Perforations: line perforated 11¾ and imperforate. Print sheet consisted of 2 postal sheets, each having 100 (10 x 10) stamps.

Valid until the fall of Independent State of Croatia. Some of these stamps were used after the war in provisional issue in Mostar.

CIRCULATION
Stamps printed Used in provisional
issue for Mostar
3.50 kuna, copper red 2.000.000 7.700
12.50 kuna, dark violet brown 2.000.000 7.800

 

TYPE
12.50 kuna, dark violet brown Field number
I Postage stamp type: Engraver's sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the right hand Engraver’s sign (S stands for Seizinger) on the right hand. 73, only in one of the two sheets

 

3 February 1944. For the postal and railway employees foundation.

Designed by Ivo Režek, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Paper white with oscillations in thickness, gum white, perforation line 11½. Designer’s mark “R” is visible on all stamps.
Printed in sheets of 9 (3 x 3). Printing sheet consisted of 16 postal sheets.

Valid until 31st of March 1944, unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION
Denomination Printed Destroyed Sheet
7 + 3.50 kn, olive bister and red 499.968 155.813 7 + 3.50 kn., with variety I
16 + 8 kn, blue and dark blue 499.968 155.930 16 + 8 kn.
24 + 12 kn, red and rose red 499.968 156.074 24 + 12 kn.
32 + 16 kn, gray and red 499.968 156.020 32 + 16 kn.

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
7 + 3.50 kn, olive bister and red Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: A dot on the mouthpiece of the posthorn
Another example
A dot on the mouthpiece of the posthorn. Appears to be on the 2nd stamp. 2

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Curved line right from Mercury’s helmet wings. Croatia 1944 Mercury stamp error

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
1 Gone through paper print. Croatia 1944 postage stamp error offset gone through paper print

 

16 February 1944. For war invalids.

Designed by Ivo Režek, printed in offset by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11½. Printed in sheets of 9 (3 x 3). Printing sheet consisted of 16 postal sheets.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Bright red circle below frame, below letters T and S in HRVATSKA. Croatia 1944 war invalids postage stamp error

 

22 May 1944. For the organization Ustaška mladež (Ustashe youth).

Designed by Oto Antonini, printed in photogravure by the State Press in Vienna (Staatsdruckerei Wien). Paper white, gum yellowish ridged. Perforation: stamp with denomination 12.50 + 287 kn perforated line 14½, other stamps imperforate. Printed in sheets of 20, stamp with denomination 12.50 + 287 kn in sheets of 30 stamps. Printing sheet consisted of 4 postal sheets.

Valid until 30th of June 1944. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

The stamp with denomination 12.50 + 287 kn was additionally commissioned after the death of Jure Francetić (depicted on the stamp) and is known as the “mourning stamp”. The stamp was in sales for about a half an hour in the post office ZAGREB 1. In this time 577 examples were sold under condition that for one mourning stamp the buyer had to buy 20 sets of the other three values. Other stamps were sold to subscribers under the same condition which means that the lower denomination were completely sold out (Ercegović, 1995: 370-371).
The surcharge in value of 287 kn was against the regulations regarding issuing of commemorative stamps, but was approved by the Ministry of Transport.

CIRCULATION (disputed) AND SHEETS
Denomination Printed Destroyed Sheet
3.50 + 1.50 kn, brown red 952.000 484
12.50 + 6.50 kn, slate blue 952.000 484
18 + 9 kn, olive brown 952.000 484
12.50 + 287,50 kn, black 75.000 33 Example 1 Example 2

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
12.50 + 287,50 kn, black Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: Black dot on Francetic's nose Black dot on Francetić’s nose. 7

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
12.50 + 287,50 kn, black
1 Dot on the collar. Postage stamp error: dot on the collar
2 Dots on Francetić’s nose and upper lip.
Found on field 10.
Croatia 1944 Jure Francetić postage stamp error

 

12 November 1944. The fourth issue for the Croatian Red Cross.

Designed by Ivo Režek and printed by Tipografija d.d. in offset. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11½ and imperforate. Printed in sheets of 16 (4 x 4), press sheet consisted od 6 stamp sheets.
Sets printed: 700.000. Sets destroyed: 2560.

Valid until 31st of January 1945. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
2 + 1 kn., dark green and red 700.000 2.560
3.50 + 1.50 kuna, carmine and red 700.000 2.560 Sheet with varieties II, III and IV and possible variety 1
12.50 + 6 kuna, indigo and red 700.000 2.560 Sheet without varieties

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3.50 + 1.50 kuna, carmine and red Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: Colored dot between letters V and A in HRVATSKA Colored dot between letters V and A in HRVATSKA. 6
II Postage stamp plate error: Colored dot on the left side from the letter H in HRVATSKA Colored dot on the left side from the letter H in HRVATSKA. 7
III Postage stamp plate error: Colored dot on zero in surcharge 1.50 Colored dot on zero in surcharge 1.50. 13
IV Postage stamp plate error: Colored dot on zero in denomination 3.50 Colored dot on zero in denomination 3.50. 16
12.50 + 6 kuna, indigo and red Field number
I Bright line over the numeral 6 in denomination. 4

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Bright-colored thin horizontal line on band with inscription damaged near letter H of HRVATSKA. Croatia 1944 Red Cross stamp error
2 Indentation in band with inscription near letter H of HRVATSKA.
(Field 7)
Croatia 1944 Red Cross stamp error indentation in band
3 Numeral 3 in denomination deformed. Croatia 1944 Red Cross stamp error numeral 3 deformed

 

9 January 1945. Storm Division (Udarna divizija).

Designed by Oto Antonini and printed by Tipografija d.d. in offset. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11. and imperforate. Printed in sheets of 20 (5 x 4), press sheet consisted od 4 stamp sheets.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Colored dot on helmet of the third soldier. Croatia 1945 Storm Division postage stamp error

 

19 March 1945. For postal employees fund.

Designed by Ivo Režek, printed in photogravure by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11½. Valid until 3rd of April 1944. Unsold stamps were destroyed.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
3.50 + 1.50 kn., gray 490.000 3.50 + 1.50 kn.
12.50 + 6 kn., brown carmine 490.000 12.50 + 6 kn.
24 + 12 kn., dark green 490.000 24 + 12 kn.
50 + 25 kn., brown violet 490.000 50 + 25 kn.
100 + 50 kn., brown (souvenir sheet) 100.000 36.063

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
50 + 25 kn., brown carmine Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: Damaged plus sign and the numeral 0 in 50; three dots above postman's hat
Another example
Damaged plus sign and the numeral 0 in 50; three dots above postman’s hat. 3

 

1 May 1945. Labor day.

Designed by Oto Antonini, printed in photogravure by Tipografija d.d. Paper white, gum white, perforation line 11½.
Press sheet consisted of 4 sheets of stamps, each having 100 (10 x 10) stamps. Circulation is unknown (the stamp was issued 7 days before the end of the war), the postal administration ordered 5.000.000 stamps.

CIRCULATION AND SHEETS
Denomination Stamps printed Stamps destroyed Sheets
3.50 kn., brick red 5.000.000 Click here

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Postage stamp plate error: White dot connecting the first letter A and D in RADA White dot connecting the first letter A and D in RADA. 19
II Postage stamp plate error: Whitening around numeral 4 in 1945 Whitening around numeral 4 in 1945. 28
III Postage stamp plate error: Colored dot on reins Colored dot on reins. 56
IV Postage stamp plate error: The third bird in the sky (and a thick white line just above reins) The third bird in the sky (and a thick white line just above reins). 62
V Postage stamp plate error: Deformed upper left corner Deformed upper left corner. 78

 

Bibliography


  1. Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
  2. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447