Search Posts and Pages

German occupation of Macedonia: types and varieties of postage stamps.


 
After Bulgarian retreat from the World War II, Macedonia was occupied by German forces. It was proclaimed independent on the 8th of September 1944 and a Government was formed. The State existed until German retreat on the 13th of November 1944.

The set of overprinted Bulgarian stamps was issued on the 28th of October 1944. To this date no postally used items with these stamps were found. The most of cancellations on original stamps are forged (the original contemporary postal cancel is in private possession), which is also the case with examples presented on this page.

 

1. Types of overprints

 

TYPES
Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint types
Types I (upper stamp) and II (lower stamp).
15 Leva on 4 Leva
30 Leva on 14 leva
There are two types of overprints on all stamps, that differ in numeral 9 in 1944. Type I appears twice in sheets of 1 Lev on 10 Stotinki and 3 Leva on 15 Sototinki, on fields 45 and 95. On all other values it appears only once, on 44th field.

Type I: lower strike in numeral 9 in 1944 pointing downwards.

Type II: lower strike pointing upwards.

 

2. Possible types of overprints

 

POSSIBLE TYPES (not mentioned in literature)
6 Leva on 10 Stotinki, blue
Germany Macedonia postage stamp narrow 4
The first numeral 4 in 1944 narrow.
(Note the position: narrow 4 is above the 14th stamp.)
Example 2 Possible types of overprint on stamp 6 Leva on 10 Stotinki: the second numeral 4 in 1944 thin.
20 Leva on 7 Leva, blue
Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint variety 20 leva
Vertical lines over denomination: thick-thin-thick.
Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint variety thin lines
Vertical lines over denomination: thick-thin-thin.
There are differences in overprints on 20 Leva on 7 Leva stamp:

  • three vertical lines: thick-thin-thick,
  • three vertical lines: thick-thin-thin.

 

 

3. Constant varieties of overprints

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES
3 Leva on 15 Stotinki, blue Field number
I Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint variety dot in date mark shifted upwards Dot after numeral 8 in date mark shifted upwards. 37, 87.
6 Leva on 10 Stotinki, blue Field number
I Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint variety open 4 The second numeral in 1944 open (the 3rd stamp) 13
9 Leva on 15 Stotinki, olive brown Field number
I Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint variety distance between 9 and LV Distance between numeral 9 and ЛВ wider (4,5 mm instead of 2 mm). 93
20 Leva on 7 Leva, blue Field number
I Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error open letter O Letter О in МАКЕДОНИЯ open on top. 68

 

 

4. Possible constant varieties

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Lev on 10 Stotinki, orange
1 The first numeral 4 in 1944 damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error damaged 4
2 Damaged numeral 1 in 1944. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error damaged 1
3 Damaged numerals 1 and 4 in 1944. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error damaged numerals
4 The second numeral 4 in 1944 damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error 4 damaged
5 Leter д in Македония damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error damaged d
6 The first dot in date mark thick, the second thin. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error dots
7 The first dot in date mark thin, the second thick. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error dots
8 Both dots in year mark thin. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error thin dots
9 Numerals 9 and 4 in 1944 larger (the second stamp). Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error larger numerals
3 Lev on 15 Stotinki, blue
1 Dot after IX in date mark missing. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error missing dot in date mark
2 The first dot in date mark thin, the second thick. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error thin dot
6 Leva on 10 Stotinki, blue
1 Damaged letters Н and И in МАКЕДОНИЯ. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error damaged letters
2 Numeral I in IX damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error month mark damaged
3 The first numeral 4 in 1944 narrow, small dot after ЛВ. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error narrow 4
9 Leva on 15 Stotinki, olive brown
1 Broken numeral 1 in 1944. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error broken 1
20 Leva on 7 Leva, blue
1 Numeral 1 in 1944 damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error 1 damaged
30 Leva on 14 Leva, brown
1 The first numeral 4 in 1944 damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error 4 damaged
2 Numeral 9 in 1944 damaged. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error 9 damaged
3 Numeral 9 in 1944 damaged (the first stamp). Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error 9 damaged

 

 

5. Coincidental varieties

 

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
1 Lev on 10 stotinki, orange
1 Shifted overprint. Germany Macedonia postage stamp error shifted overprint
3 Leva on 15 stotinki, blue
1 Shifted overprint. Germany Macedonia postage stamp error shifted overprint
2 Inverted overprint. Germany Macedonia postage stamp error inverted overprint Germany Macedonia postage stamp error inverted overprint
3 Underinking and overinking. Germany Macedonia postage stamp overprint error overinking and underinking
9 Leva on 15 stotinki, olive brown
1 Shifted overprint. Germany Macedonia postage stamp error shifted overprint

 
 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Deutschland-Spezial 2005, Band 1: 1849 bis April 1945. Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-87858-144-0