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German Occupation of Montenegro, issues for Boka Kotorska


After capitulation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 17 April 1941, Montenegro was occupied by Italian Army. By the decree of its King, Vittorio Emanuele III, the city of Boka Kotorska was annexed by Italy. Newly formed Provincia Bocche di Cattaro became part of the Governatorato di Dalmazia.

When Italy capitulated, German forces took the city and its strategically important coastline (at the time, it was speculated the area was a potential landing ground for possible Allied invasion). In times of German occupation Boka Kotorska had its own administration and post.

10 February 1944 Italian stamps of Imperiale set overprinted in letterpress with “Deutsche Militär-Verwaltung Kotor” and new value in Italian lira.

In total, 5.000 complete sets were overprinted in printing house Obod in Cetinje, Montenegro. Original stamps have watermark (crown). Inverted overprints are known in cases of:

 

Stamps were not postally used, cancelled stamps are from cancelled-to-order sets.

Types of overprints

BASIC DIFFERENCES IN THE OVERPRINT Description
I German occupation of Kotor: Types I and II of letter ä
  • Type I: letter ä in Militär-Verwaltung equally large as other letters.
  • Type II: small letter ä in Militär-Verwaltung.
II German occupation of Kotor: Types I and II of letter w;
  • Type I: letter w in Militär-Verwaltung equally large as other letters.
  • Type II: large letter w in Militär-Verwaltung.

 

COMBINATIONS OF OVERPRINT TYPES ä small, w small ä large, w small ä small, w large ä large, w large
0.50 Lit. on 10 Centesimi, brown  German occupation of Kotor: 0.50 Lit., small ä, small w  German occupation of Kotor: 0.50 Lit., large ä, small w  German occupation of Kotor: 0.50 Lit., large ä, large w
1 Lit. on 25 Centesimi, green German occupation of Kotor: 1 Lit., large ä, small w
1.50 Lit. on 50 Centesimi, purple German occupation of Kotor: 1.50 Lit., small ä, small w German occupation of Kotor: 1.50 Lit., large ä, small w German occupation of Kotor: 1.50 Lit., small ä, large w
3 Lit. on 30 Centesimi, dark brown German occupation of Kotor: 3 Lit., small ä, small w  German occupation of Kotor: 3 Lit., large ä, small w  German occupation of Kotor: 3 Lit., small ä, large w
4 Lit. on 20 Centesimi, carmine  German occupation of Kotor: 4 Lit., small ä, small w German occupation of Kotor: 4 Lit., large ä, large w
10 Lit. on 20 Centesimi, carmine

 

Constant varieties on overprint

CONSTANT VARIETIES ON OVERPRINT Description Field
I Dentsche instead of Deutsche Dentsche instead of Deutsche Dentsche instead of Deutsche: letter u inverted 9 (?)

 

16 September 1944 Stamps of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with effigy of King Peter II overprinted in black color with inscription Boka Kotorska and new value in Reichmarks.

Stamps were overprinted in letterpress in print house Obod in Cetinje in 50.000 complete sets. Overprint form consisted of 50 fields (10 x 5) and used twice in order to overprint sheets of 100. Varieties therefore appear uniformly, twice on every sheet.

Stamps were not postally used, cancelled stamps are from cancelled-to-order sets.

Types of overprints

TYPES OF OVERPRINTS Description
I & II Germany, Montenegro, Kotor: types of numeral 2
  • Type I: numeral 2 rounded on top.
  • Type II: numeral 2 pointed on top.

 

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Description Field
I Kotor, German Occupation: Lower point of letter M in R.M. broken Lower point of letter M in R.M. broken
Appears on all values.
24, 74
II German occupation of Montenegro, Kotor: Right diagonal line in M broken Right diagonal line in M broken
Appears on all values.
8, 58

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES Description
1 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Zero open on top Zero open on top
2 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Left side of the letter M in R.M. damaged Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Left side of the letter M in R.M. damaged Left side of the letter M in R.M. damaged
3 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Numeral 1 in denomination damaged Numeral 1 in denomination damaged
4 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Letter s in Kotorska thin Letter s in Kotorska thin
5 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Letter o in Kotorska damaged Letter o in Kotorska damaged
6 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Letter a in Boka damaged Letter a in Boka damaged
7 Boka Kotorska, German Occupation: Letters o and s in Kotorska damaged Letters o and s in Kotorska damaged

 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Deutschland-Spezial 2005, Band 1: 1849 bis April 1945. Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-87858-144-0
  2. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447