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Varieties and types of postage stamps issued in Weimar Republic and the Third Reich


1920 – 1921. Bavarian stamps overprinted Deutsches Reich in letterpress.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
5 pf., bright green
A Broken letter f in pf on the stamp. Germany, stamp error: Broken letter f in pf on the stamp
10 pf., yellow orange
A Color spill between letters t and c in Deutsches (DeutNches). Germany, stamp error: Color spill between letters t and c in Deutsches (Deutnches)

 

TYPES OF OVERPRINT
All denominations in M
I Germany, stamp, overprint type: Regular letter D in Deutsches Regular letter D in Deutsches.
II Germany, stamp, overprint type: Closed letter D in Deutsches Closed letter D in Deutsches.

 

May – December 1921. Definitive issue. Watermark: lozenges.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Germany, plate error: Colored dot in zero in denomination value Colored dot in zero in denomination value. 15 and 60, or 10 and 65
SHEETS
Fragment of 96 with variety I on fields 15 and 60
Fragment of 91, overprint 8 Tausend (24.8.1923) with variety I on fields 15 and 60

 

June – December 1921. Definitive issue, post horn. Watermark: network.

TYPES
20 M., violet and orange
I Germany, 1922 postage stamp type
Type II
Type I:

  • numbers thicker,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • numbers thin,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.
30 M., drown and yellow
I Germany, 1922 postage stamps, 30 marks types posthorn
Types I and II
Type I:

  • numbers thicker,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • numbers thin,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.
50 M., dark green and violet
I Germany 1922 postage stamp posthorn type
Types I and II
Type I:

  • numbers thicker,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • numbers thin,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.

 

May 1922 – February 1923. Definitive issue, post horn. Watermark: network.

TYPES
6 M., dark blue
I Germany 1922 posthorn stamps 6 marks type I
Type II
Type I:

  • number 6 leaning forward,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • numeral 6 upright,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.
8 M., olive green
I Germany post horn stamp 8 marks types
Types I and II
Type I:

  • number 8 thick,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • number 8 thin,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.
40 M., light green
I Germany, 1922 post horn postage stamp types
Types I and II
Type I:

  • number 40 larger and thicker, almost touching the oval frame,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark roundish,
  • strings on post horn thick.

Type II:

  • number 40 smaller and thinner,
  • stars between Deutsches Reich and Mark with longer, pointing rays,
  • strings on post horn thin.

 

October – December 1922. Definitive issue, numbers in oval circle. Issued in sheets of 50 (10 x 5). Watermark: lozenges. Perforation comb: 14¾ : 14¼.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
100 m., brown violet
A Cut in the frame above letters ch in Reich. Germany, stamp error: Cut in the frame above letters ch in Reich
300 m., dark green
A White dot below the second letter s in Deutsches. Germany, stamp error: White dot below the second letter s in Deutsches

 

11 November 1922. Charity issue for children and elderly. Printed in sheets of 50 (10 x 5). Watermark: network. Perforation comb: 14.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
6 + 4 m., ultramarine and brown
I Germany, stamp plate error: Allegory's eye missing. Allegory’s eye missing. 6 (not in all runs)
POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
A Germany, stamp error: Letter M normal Letter M normal.
B Germany, stamp error: Letter M in the upper left side partially filled with color Letter M in the upper left side partially filled with color.
C Germany, stamp error: Letter M fully filled with color in the upper left side Letter M fully filled with color in the upper left side.

 

December 1922 – June 1923. Definitive set, workers. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10). Watermark: network. Perforation comb: 14 : 14½.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
40 m., dark green
I Germany, stamp plate error: Middle vertical line of the letter m broken Middle vertical line of the letter m broken. 75 (not in all runs)

 

October 1922 – September 1923. Numbers in oval circle. Printed in lithography. Watermark network. Perforation comb 13¾ : 14¼. Printed in sheets of 50 (5 x 10).

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
200 m., rose
I Germany, stamp plate error: White line over the letter k in Mark broken White line over the letter k in Mark broken. 39 (only in a part of issue)
300 m., green
I Germany 1923 300 mark postage stamp flaw White spot in letter D of Deutsches. Field 1 Field 1
500 m., orange
I Germany 1923 500 mark postage stamp flaw Thin white line on the left side of letter R in Reich. Field 6 Field 6
II Germany 1923 500 mark postage stamp error Thin white line inside letter R in Reich. Field 39 Field 39

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
5.000 m., gray green
1 White dot in the letter d in Fünftausend. Germany, stamp error: White dot in the letter d from Fünftausend

 

19 February 1923. For Rhein and Rhur. Overprint in black color in letterpress on stamps of the definitive set 1921/22.

CONSTANT VARIETIES ON OVERPRINT Field number
5 m., + 100 m., dark orange
I Germany, stamp overprint error: Upper part of number 1 thick and pointed upwards Upper part of number 1 thick and pointed upwards. 84

 

March-August 1923. Definitive issue.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
300 mark, green
1 White spot in oval circle below letter A in MARK. Germany 1923 postage stamp 300 mark error

 

15-20 September 1923. Definitive issue.

CONSTANT VARIETIES
50 thousand, bister
I Germany 1923 50 tausend stamp plate flaw White circle above letter D in TAUSEND. Field 43 Field 43

 

24 August 1923. Hyperinflation provisional issue.

CONSTANT VARIETIES
100 thousand on 100 m., violet
I Germany Reich inflation postage stamp overprint flaw Letters a and u in Tausend damaged. Field 74 Field 74
II Germany Reich inflation postage stamp overprint error Both zeroes in overprint denomination damaged. Field 75 Field 75
III Germany Weimar Republic inflation postage stamp overprint error Misaligned overprints in columns 5 and 6. Sheet
125 thousand on 1000 m., light rose
I Germany, postage stamp overprint error: Numeral 5 in 125 damaged on top Numeral 5 in 125 damaged on top.

 

TYPES OF OVERPRINTS
20 Tausend on 200 Marks
I Germany post stamp overprint type
Types I and II
  • Type I: distance between inscription Tausend and horizontal line is 3,7 mm,
  • Type I: distance between inscription Tausend and horizontal line is 4,5 mm.
75 Tausend on 1000 Marks
I Germany hyperinflation postage stamp overprint type
Types I and II
  • Type I: distance between inscription Tausend and horizontal line is 3 mm,
  • Type I: distance between inscription Tausend and horizontal line is 4 mm.

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT OR COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
5 thousand on 40 pf., red orange
1 Dot on numeral 5 in overprint. Dot on numeral 5 in overprint
100 thousand on 100 m., violet
1 Circle on second zero of overprint. Germany 1923 inflation postage stamp overprint flaw

 

1 October 1923. Provisional issue, definitive set. Overprint in letterpress in black color, watermark: network, perforation serrate roulette 13½. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10).

CONSTANT VARIETIES ON BASIC STAMPS Field number
400 thousand on 30 pf., yellow ocher
I Ornamental ribbon partly missing Ornamental ribbon partly missing. ?

 

September / October 1923. Provisional issue, definitive set. Overprint in letterpress in black color, watermark: network, perforation serrate roulette 13½. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10).

CONSTANT VARIETIES ON BASIC STAMPS Field number
2 millions on 50.000 marks
I Germany 1923 postage stamp plate error letter t in Deutsches missing Letter t in Deutsches missing. 76

 

9 October 1923. Numbers in circle with a rosette. Watermark network. Perforation comb 14 : 14¼ and serrate roulette 13. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10).

There are two groups of types on these stamps:

  1. Broken rosette on the left side near the frame, which appears in 8 different subtypes. The type appears on fields 13, 18, 63 and 68.
  2. Sun rays around the lower left post horn are touching the frame. The type appears on fields 43, 48, 93 and 98.

 

TYPES
BROKEN ROSETTE ON THE LEFT AND TYPES SUN RAYS
Denomination deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-typei
Type I
deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-typeii
Type II
Type III Type IV Type V Type VI Type VII Type VIII deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-type-pe
500 Tausend deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-500t
1 Million Germany, stamp plate error: broken rosette 1 million
4 Millionen Germany, stamp plate error: broken rosette 4 million deutsches-reich-1922-4mil-pe1-jpg
5 Millionen Broken line in the rosette on the left deutsches-reich-1922-5mil-pe1-jpg
10 Millionen deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-10ml
20 Millionen Broken line in the rosette on the left
50 Millionen Broken line in the rosette on the left
100 Millionen Broken line in the rosette on the left
200 Millionen deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-200ml deutsches-reich-1922-200mil-pe1-jpg
500 Millionen deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-500ml deutsches-reich-1922-500mil-pe1-jpg
1 Milliarde Broken line in the rosette on the left deutsches-reich-1922-1mlrd-pe1
2 Milliarde
5 Milliarden deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-5mlrd deutsches-reich-1922-5mlrd-pe1-jpg
10 Milliarden deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-10mlrd
20 Milliarden Broken line in the rosette on the left
50 Milliarden
3 Pfennig deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-3pf
5 Pfennig deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-5pf
10 Pfennig deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-plate-error-10pf deutsches-reich-1922-10pf-pe1-jpg
20 Pfennig deutsches-reich-1922-20pf-pe1-jpg
50 Pfennig
100 Pfennig
SHEETS OF STAMPS
1 Milliarden, with broken rosette on fields 13, 18, 63, 68 and sun rays touching the lower left frame on fields 43, 48, 93 and 98.

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
10 million, red
A Value imprint partially missing. deutsches-reich-1923-rosette-coincidental-10ml
1 milliard, chocolate
A White dot in letter e in Deutsches. Field 10. Germany 1923 inflation 1 milliard postage stamp flaw
20 milliard, bluish green and brown
A Zero in denomination deformed. Field 55 Germany 1923 inflation 20 milliard postage stamp flaw

 

April – August 1933. Definitive set, president Paul von Hindenburg in medallion. Watermark network. Letterpress, perforation comb 14 : 14¼.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
8 pfennig, deep orange
I Germany, stamp plate error letter D in DEUTSCHES Open letter D in DEUTSCHES. ?

 

8 March 1941. Vienna fair.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
12 pf., bright red
A Globus cruciger on the left side. Globus cruciger on the left side

 

1941-1944. Definitive issue. Adolf Hitler.

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
12 pf., red
A Perforation error: shifted perforation. Germany, stamp shifted perforation

 

12 October 1942. European postal congress in Vienna.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
3 + 7 pf., dark blue
1 Damaged letters R and O in EUROPÄISCHER. deutsches-reich-1942-postal-congress

 

1 March 1944. 1200 years from foundation of the city of Fulda. Photogravure, perforation comb 14.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
12 – 38 pf, deep brown
I Germany, stamp plate error: The first letter S in GROSSDEUTSCHES broken on top The first letter S in GROSSDEUTSCHES broken on top. 11

 

May 1944. For the postal employees fund. Printed in photogravure, perforation comb 14.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
24 + 36 pf., dark violet
A Dot on the frame above letter R in Reich. Dot on the frame above letter R in Reich

 

February 1945. For Volkssturm. Printed in photogravure on lightly yellowish paper. Perforation comb 14.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
12 + 8 pf., carmine
I Germany, stamp plate error: Second hand from the left crippled Second hand from the left crippled. 50 (not in all runs)
II Germany Volkssturm postage stamp plate flaw White dot below letter K in VOLK. 41 (not in all runs)

 

Official stamps


April – October 1920. Official stamps without “21” in upper corners. Watermark lozenges. Letterpress, perforation comb 14 : 14¼. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10) and in rolls.

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
5 marks, brown on yellow
I Germany, official stamp plate error: A dot connecting ornaments in the lower part of numeral 5 A dot connecting ornaments in the lower part of numeral 5. 23, 28, 73, 78

 

1 April 1920. Bavarian official stamps overprinted in letterpress Deutsches Reich in black color.

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
10 pf., yellow orange
A Color spill below letters e and s in Deutsches. Color spill below letters e and s in Deutsches

 

Military parcel post stamps


24 November 1944. Stamp for packages.

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
2 kg on 40 pf., bright red violet
1 Offset. Offset Offset

 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Deutschland-Spezial 2005, Band 1: 1849 bis April 1945. Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-87858-144-0