Soviet Occupation Zone: Berlin and Brandenburg


3 August 1945. Definitive issue: Berlin Bear and oak tree.

Printed in State Printing Works in Berlin on different types of papers, gums and perforations. Plate flaws in this issue are abundant due to the haste in which the issue was prepared.

Soviet Occupation Zone Berlin Brandenburg perce en scie
Roulette perforation “en scie”
consists only of slanting lines.
Soviet Occupation Zone Berlin Brandenburg vertically and horizontally applied gum
Vertically and horizontally
applied gum.

Perforations

All denominations were perforated comb 14, two values, 5 and 12 pfennig were also roulette (saw-toothed) perforated 13½, the 12 pfg. stamp is very rare. This perforation must not be confused with roulette perforation of the 6th of December issue, where the stamps were also roulette perforated but in “perce en lignes” style. Perforation of the 3rd of August issue can be easily identified on larger blocks of stamps where it can be clearly observed that horizontal part of perforation is missing. Perforation is made only of slanting lines.

Paper types

Four different types of papers exist:

Gum types

There are four different types of gum known in this issue:

Denominations by paper, gum and perforation

Papers, gum and perforation of the 3 August issue
Paper A, gum: Paper B, gum: Paper C, gum: Paper D, gum:
a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d
5 pfg. comb 14 x x x
roul. 13½ x x x
6 pfg. comb 14 x x x x x x x
8 pfg. comb 14 x x x
10 pfg. comb 14 x x x
12 pfg. comb 14 x x x x x x
roul. 13½ x
20 pfg. comb 14 x x
30 pfg. comb 14 x x x x x

 

6 December 1945. Definitive issue: Berlin Bear and oak tree.

This issue differs from the 3rd of August issue in perforation. Stamps are now roulette perforated in “perce en lignes” style. All of the seven denominations were printed on regular dull white paper (type B) with horizontally applied gum (type c).

Types and varieties


Types

TYPES
6 pfg., purple Field number
I Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Indentation in letter g in Pfg. Indentation in letter g in Pfg. 5, 15, 25, 45, 55, 75 or 39, 70, 80, 93

 

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES
5 pfg., green Field
I Indentation on top of first letter T in STADT. 26
II Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored spot in network above the bear’s nose. Colored spot in network above bear’s nose. 27
III Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot at the bottom left from the right denomination value. Colored dot at the bottom left from the right denomination value. 32
IV Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Indentation on top of letter S in POST. Indentation on top of letter S in POST. 58
V Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Indentation on the lower curve of letter S in STADT. Indentation on the lower curve of letter S in STADT. 60
VI Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Big colored spot in letter A in STADT. Big colored spot in letter A in STADT. 63
VII Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Letter O in POST broken on top. Letter O in POST broken on top. 90
VIII Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored spot on the first letter T in STADT. Colored spot on the first letter T in STADT. 91
6 pfg., purple Field
I Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Left foot of letter A prolonged. Left foot of letter A prolonged. 96
12 pfg., red Field
I Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored spot on the plank. Colored spot on the plank. 10
II Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White spot at the bottom of letter g in Pfg. White spot at the bottom of letter g in Pfg. 40
20 pfg., blue Field
I Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored smudge on top of letter E in BERLIN. Colored smudge on top of letter E in BERLIN. 52
30 pfg., olive green Field
I Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Left leaf detached from tree trunk. Left leaf detached from tree trunk. 11
II Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot left from denomination value. Colored dot left from denomination value. 35
III Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White spot on middle horizontal stroke of letter E in BERLIN. White spot on middle horizontal stroke of letter E in BERLIN. 34
IV Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White dot between letter T in POST and the tree. White dot between letter T in POST and the tree. 72

 

Possible constant varieties

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in available literature)
6 pfg., purple
1 Letter I in BERLIN broken on top. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Letter I in BERLIN broken on top.
2 Thin line near the right border, behind bear’s neck. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Thin line near the right border, behind bear’s neck.
3 Top claw on lower paw prolonged. (Field 10) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Top claw on lower paw prolonged. (Field 10)
4 Letter R in BERLIN damaged on top. (Field 13) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Letter R in BERLIN damaged on top. (Field 13)
5 Horizontal line above letter S in STADT broken. (Field 17) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Horizontal line above letter S in STADT broken. (Field 17)
6 White dot between horizontal line right from spade blade. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White dot between horizontal line right from spade blade.
7 Colored smudge on horizontal lines above bear’s right ear. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored smudge on horizontal lines above bear’s right ear.
8 White spot behind bear’s back on the 15th horizontal line from below. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White spot behind bear’s back on the 15th horizontal line from below.
9 Indentation in spade fitting. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Indentation in spade fitting.
10 Indentation in spade blade at the second horizontal line above bear’s eye. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Indentation in spade blade at the second horizontal line above bear’s eye.
11 Small dot on numeral 6 (Field 59) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Small dot on numeral 6 (Field 59)
12 White line inside letter D in STADT (Field 64) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White line inside letter D in STADT (Field 64)
13 Tiny indentation on the far left side of 7th horizontal line from the top. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Tiny indentation on the far left side of 7th horizontal line from the top.
14 Horizontal line below letter B in BERLIN broken. (Field 71) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Horizontal line below letter B in BERLIN broken. (Field 71)
15 Colored dot inside numeral 6, at the top. (Field 80) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot inside numeral 6, at the top. (Field 80)
16 Colored dot on the right side of the spade fitting, horizontal line above ruins behind bear’s back broken. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot on the right side of the spade fitting, horizontal line above ruins behind bear’s back broken.
17 Two white dots: one on bear’s neck, another on bear’s ear. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Two white dots: one on bear’s neck, another on bear’s ear.
18 White spot at the top of numeral 6. (Field 93) Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw White spot at the top of numeral 6. (Field 93)
20 pfg., blue
1 Colored smudge on horizontal lines to the right side from the letter R in BERLIN. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored smudge on horizontal lines to the right side from the letter R in BERLIN.
2 Small dot on bear’s chest. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Small dot on bear’s chest.
3 Colored dot or line on top of the left numeral 2. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot or line on top of the left numeral 2.
4 Colored dot below left numeral 2, between the 20th and 21st horizontal lines. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot below left numeral 2, between the 20th and 21st horizontal lines.
5 The third brick from top on the second tower from the right broken. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw The third brick from top on the second tower from the right broken.
6 Colored dot between horizontal lines left from the letter A in STADT. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot between horizontal lines left from the letter A in STADT.
7 Borderline below the second letter T in STADT broken. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Borderline below the second letter T in STADT broken.
8 Colored smudge on left border left from letters S and T in STADT, small colored dot below letter I in BERLIN. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored smudge on left border left from letters S and T in STADT, small colored dot below letter I in BERLIN.
9 Colored dot on the 5th brick in the second tower from the left. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Colored dot on the 5th brick in the second tower from the left.
10 Small colored below left numeral 2, colored smudge in lower left corner left from the letter D in STADT. Soviet occupation zone Germany Berlin Brandenburg stamp plate flaw Small colored below left numeral 2, colored smudge in lower left corner left from the letter D in STADT.

 

Sheets

SHEETS OF STAMPS
5 pfg., green
Sheet B

 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Deutschland-Spezial 2005, Band 2: Ab Mai 1945 (Alliierte Besetzung bis BRD), Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-87858-145-9