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Provisional issue for Senta 1944

Introduction

When Axsis powers in 1941 occupied the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, a part of Vojvodina was annexed by the Kingdom of Hungary. On the 8th of October 1944 the Soviet Red Army and Yugoslav Partisans entered the city of Senta.

On the 18th of October 1944, provisional municipal liberation committee issued an order in which the whole stock of Hungarian stamps is to be overprinted with a star in red color, sickle and hammer in black color and the date 8.IX.1944 to commemorate liberation of the city.

Overprinting of stamps

Stamps were overprinted in multiple phases on a small printing machine, overprinting 10 stamps at the time, line-by-line (stamp sheets consisted of 50 stamps in a layout of 10 x 5).

In the first phase the red star was printed on stamps. Ten stars were carved out from a strip of linoleum to serve as a form. As the form was made manually the distance and exact positioning between the stars was uneven and all the stars were different. In time the form deteriorated from usage.

In the second phase the date 8.X.1944 and inscription Југославија (Yugoslavia) was printed in letterpress in black color. There existed two forms for printing the second phase that differentiate in alignment of the upper and the lower row and by the dots in the date-mark.

New denomination values on a part of the issue were printed in the third phase, also in letterpress and in black color.

Specialists are able to determine the exact position of each overprint (refer to: Marinšek, Žiberna 2015: 11-15).

Characteristics

Some characteristics are not always identical as they vary in accordance with amount of applied color, strength of overprint and deterioration of forms.

  Form, position
A1.2 The first letter Ј in Југославија damaged The first letter Ј in Југославија damaged A1
A5.2 Black dot inside letter л in Југославија Black dot inside letter л in Југославија A5
A8.1 The second numeral 4 in 1944 damaged The second numeral 4 in 1944 damaged A8
A10.1 Two slits on top of numeral 9 in 1944 Two slits on top of numeral 9 in 1944 A10
B4.1 Lower foot of the second numeral 4 in 1944 thick Lower foot of the second numeral 4 in 1944 thick B4
B8.1 The first dot in date-mark in form of a rhomboid The first dot in date-mark in form of a rhomboid B8

Varieties

Coincidental varieties

 
1 Color spills Color spill on the back of the stamp The front side

Bibliography


  1. Marinšek, Aleš & Žiberna, Vid (2015): Senta 1944, prva jugoslovanska lokalna provizorična izdaja, priročnik. Filatelistično društvo Ljubljana. ISBN: 978-961-285-090-6.