Provisional issue for Senta 1944
When Axsis powers in 1941 occupied the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, a part of Vojvodina was annexed by the Kingdom of Hungary. On the 8th of October 1944 the Soviet Red Army and Yugoslav Partisans entered the city of Senta.
On the 18th of October 1944, provisional municipal liberation committee issued an order in which the whole stock of Hungarian stamps is to be overprinted with a star in red color, sickle and hammer in black color and the date 8.IX.1944 to commemorate liberation of the city.
Overprinting of stamps
Stamps were overprinted in multiple phases on a small printing machine, overprinting 10 stamps at the time, line-by-line (stamp sheets consisted of 50 stamps in a layout of 10 x 5).
In the first phase the red star was printed on stamps. Ten stars were carved out from a strip of linoleum to serve as a form. As the form was made manually the distance and exact positioning between the stars was uneven and all the stars were different. In time the form deteriorated from usage.
In the second phase the date 8.X.1944 and inscription Југославија (Yugoslavia) was printed in letterpress in black color. There existed two forms for printing the second phase that differentiate in alignment of the upper and the lower row and by the dots in the date-mark.
New denomination values on a part of the issue were printed in the third phase, also in letterpress and in black color.
Specialists are able to determine the exact position of each overprint (refer to: Marinšek, Žiberna 2015: 11-15).
Some characteristics are not always identical as they vary in accordance with amount of applied color, strength of overprint and deterioration of forms.
- Marinšek, Aleš & Žiberna, Vid (2015): Senta 1944, prva jugoslovanska lokalna provizorična izdaja, priročnik. Filatelistično društvo Ljubljana. ISBN: 978-961-285-090-6.