Search Posts and Pages

Istria and Slovene Littoral: Types and Varieties of Postage Due Stamps


Postage due stamps in Zone B were used:

First Postage Due Issue

The 2nd type of the basic
0.25 lit stamp.

The first issue of postage due stamps was released on 31 December 1945. Stamps of the Ljubljana print definitive issue for Slovene littoral were overprinted in letterpress in black color with metallic shine. Sheets consisted of 100 stamps. In the overprinting form there were 25 elements, which meant that each sheet went trough the press 4 times. Types and varieties on the sheet appear in pattern of X+5, X+50, X+55.

In Ljubljana issue there were 2 types of 0.25 lira stamp. The second type has an incision in the colored field below the first letter T in LITTORALE.

Types of overprints

TYPES OF OVERPRINT ON ALL VALUES
Slovene Littoral, first postage due issue type I Slovene Littoral, first postage due issue type II
Types I and II of 8 lira stamp
Other examples:
Type I:
0.25 lira
4 liraType II:
0.25 lira
4 lira
Type I:

  • canceling block solid.

Type II:

  • canceling block split vertically.

 

Constant varieties of overprints

COMMON VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS ON ALL VALUES Field number
I The upper right corner of the canceling block damaged. 15, 20, 65, 70
II Damaged letter t in Lit. 1, 6, 51, 56
III Letter R in PORTO damaged on top. 14, 19, 64, 69
IV The upper serif on letter L in Lit. damaged. 33, 38, 83, 88
V Minor indentation at the top of the first letter O in PORTO. ?

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS
4 lira Field number
I
  • Minor incision on the vertical stroke of letter R in PORTO,
  • damaged letter t in Lit (like the common flaw II).
15, 20, 65, 70
20 lira Field number
I Zero in 20 thin on top. 25, 30, 75, 80
II Two holes in numeral 2 and one hole in letter R in PORTO. 43, 48, 93, 98

 

Possible constant varieties of overprints

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (not mentioned in literature)
4 lire
1 Letter P in PORTO enclosed.
8 lire
1 Dot on letter i in Lit. slightly damaged.
10 lire
1 Letter O in PORTO damaged at the bottom.
20 lire
1 Numeral 2 broken to the left.
2 Numeral 2 damaged at the bottom.

 

Second Postage Due Issue

This issue is closely related to the first as it was ordered by the authority of the same document of the Directorate of Posts. In addenium of 11.2.1946 a further overprinting of Ljubljana issue stamps was ordered. This time 20 and 30 lira stamps were overprinted with new values of 0.50 and 2 lira.

Stamps were overprinted by letterpress process where the form consisted of 50 (5X10) elements, as the consequence each sheet was passed trough the press twice. Varieties listed below therefore appear twice in a sheet in X+5 pattern. 22 February 1946

Types and subtypes of overprints

Linear and curved figure styles
on vertical pair.

There are six different types of overprints existing on both values as a combination of two different figure styles (linear and curved numbers) and three different canceling blocks (solid, vertically split and horizontally split).

There are also subtypes that appear on both values:

On 0.5 lira overprint there are two subtypes of zero in denomination. Larger zero subtype appears on both linear and curved number overprints.

TYPES AND SUBTYPES OF OVERPRINT – present on both values
Canceling block Number linear Number curved
Solid Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type Ia subtype 5
2 lit: Type Ia, Subtype 5
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type Ia, subtype 4 Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type IIa
0.50 lit: Type IIa, Subtype 4
2 lit: Type IIa, field 6
Split vertically Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type Ib Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type Ib
0.50 lit: Type Ib
2 lit: Type Ib
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp Type 2b Slovene Littoral postage due stamp IIb 2 lira
0.50 lit: Type IIb
2 lit: Type IIb
Split horizontally Slovene Littoral postage due stamp type Ic
2 lit: Type Ic, field 20
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp Type IIc subtype 3
0.50 lit: Type IIc, Subtype 3

 

Constant varieties on overprints

CONSTANT VARIETIES ON OVERPRINTS
0.50 lit, Type IIa Field number
I Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error Type IIa
  • minor incision in the canceling block at the bottom,
  • white spot in the letter T in PORTO at the crossing of the horizontal and vertical line.
2, 7
II Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error
  • the upper serif of letter L in Lit missing,
  • dot after Lit small.
31, 36
III Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error serif in PORTO missing
  • incision in letter R in PORTO,
  • serifs of letter T in PORTO missing.
91, 96
IV Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error damaged R in PORTO Upright line in letter R damaged. 1, 6
V Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error O in PORTO open on top Letter O in PORTO open on top. 53, 58
2 lit, Type Ia Field number
I Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error damaged 2
  • minor incision on top of the numeral 2,
  • base of the numeral 2 damaged to the left,
  • several black dots between letters L and i in Lit.
12, 17
II Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error Type Ia damaged canceling block and 2
  • canceling block damaged to the left,
  • dot after 2 damaged to the right.
23, 28
III Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error letter O in PORTO open The second letter O in PORTO open on top. 53, 58
2 lit, Type Ib Field number
I Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error Type Ib
  • minor incision in the base of numeral 2,
  • vertical and horizontal lines in letter L in Lit separated.
73, 78
II Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error letter O in PORTO open The second letter O in PORTO open. 55, 60
2 lit, Type Ic Field number
I Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error canceling blocks misaligned
  • horizontal canceling blocks misaligned,
  • minor incision in letter L in Lit.
15, 20
2 lit, Type IIa Field number
I Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error letter R in PORTO damaged Letter R in PORTO damaged. 1, 6

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Type Ia:

  • dot after 2 thicker,
  • dot on letter i in Lit thick and touching the vertical line.
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error dot
2 Type IIa:
dot after 2 damaged to the right.
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp overprint error dot after 2 damaged

 

Third Postage Due Issue

The third issue was released on 25 March 1946. Zagreb production definitives were overprinted in letterpress with a form of 100 subjects. The printing of basic stamps was made using two cylinders.

Please note that 1 lira stamp with large rectangular-shaped decimal point belongs to the fourth issue.

Types of overprints

TYPES OF OVERPRINTS (ALL VALUES)
Letter P in PORTO /
Sign after denomination
Regular (I) Converted from R (II)
“Extended P”
Description
Small square (a) Type I: Letter P in PORTO regular

  • a. decimal point after denomination small rectangle,
  • b. the decimal point small circle.

Type II: Letter P in PORTO “long” (converted from letter R)

  • a. decimal point after denomination small rectangle,
  • b. the decimal point small circle.

Note: on the example of 2 lira Type IIb in the table there are well visible traces of removed diagonal stroke of converted letter R.

Circle (b)

 

Subtypes of overprints

SUBTYPES OF OVERPRINTS
Denomination number position Regular (0) Shifted to left (1) Shifted to right (2)
1 lira
2 lira
4 lira

 

Common flaws on overprints (all values)

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (ALL VALUES) Field number
I Large letter r in Lira. 68
II Letter a in Lira damaged at the bottom. 32
III Letter a in Lira thinned on top. 38
IV 7th and 8th square in canceling block damaged. 22

 

Common flaws on overprints (on numerals)

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (NUMERALS)
1 lira Field number
I Common flaw IV and distorted top serif of numeral 1. 22
2 lira Field number
I Lower left serif of numeral 2 short. 1
II Right serif on numeral 2 missing. 74, 92
4 lira Field number
I Numeral 4 missing the right serif. 95

 

Possible constant or coincidental varieties

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES ON OVERPRINTS (not mentioned in literature)
2 Lira
1 Right serif on numeral 2 damaged.
4 Lira
1 Decimal dot converted from comma.
2 Base serif of numeral 4 distorted.
3 Fourth square in canceling block damaged in the upper right area.

 

Fourth Postage Due Issue

There is a close connection between the third and the fourth issue of postage due stamps as they share the same order. Further printing of 1 lira stamp was ordered as well as overprinting of 30 lira stamp of Zagreb printing with values of 10, 20 and 30 lira. Overprinting was done at the same printing works using the same technique as in previous printing. Due to the mentioned connection between the two issues, the stamps of the third and the fourth printing are listed as one issue in most of the stamp catalogs.

The fourth printing merits the separate listing. In particular due to the 1 lira stamp which was printed in new plate setting and with uniform decimal sign of rectangular shape. Most of the subtypes and flaws are the same as in third printing but this time they appear on different positions in a sheet.

TYPES OF OVERPRINTS (ALL VALUES)
Letter P in PORTO
Regular (I) Slovene Littoral postage due stamp Narrow letter P in PORTO (narrow on the second and wide on the first stamp)
Types I and II
Type II of fields: 2, 3, 4, 15, 22, 41, 46, 90, 92.
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp types regular P in PORTO Slovene Littoral postage due stamp types short R in PORTO
Converted from R (II)
“Extended P”
Slovene Littoral postage due stamp types large P in PORTO Slovene Littoral postage due stamp types prolonged R in PORTO Slovene Littoral postage due stamp types P in PORTO

 

Subtypes of overprints

SUBTYPES OF OVERPRINTS
Denomination number position Regular (0) Shifted to left (1)
1 lira Slovene Littoral postage due stamp 1 lira subtype 1 Slovene Littoral postage due stamp 1 lira subtype 2

 

Common flaws on overprints of 1 lira stamp

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (1 LIRA STAMP) Field number
I Thick letter r in Lira Thick letter r in Lira. 10
II Letter a in Lira shifted upwards (the first stamp) Letter a in Lira shifted upwards. 4
III Letter a in Lira shifted downwards (the second stamp) Letter a in Lira shifted downwards,
second O in PORTO damaged to lower right.
5
IV Double thick horizontal line Double thick horizontal line, upper serif of numeral 1 distorted. 12
V Damaged 1st and 5th squares in the overprint over the old denomination Damaged 1st and 5th squares in the overprint over the old denomination. 13
VI Damaged letter a in Lira Damaged letter a in Lira. 30
VII Damaged first three squares in the overprint over the old denomination Damaged first three squares in the overprint over the old denomination. 47
VIII Damaged letter a in Lira (the second stamp) Damaged letter a in Lira. 70
IX Damaged first two squares in the overprint over the old denomination (the second stamp) Damaged first two squares in the overprint over the old denomination. 92
X Broken number 1 in the new denomination (the second stamp) Broken number 1 in the new denomination. 42
XI Damaged letter O in PORTO (the first stamp) Damaged letter O in PORTO. 28
XII Letter a in Lira with accent grave (the first stamp) Letter a in Lira with accent grave. 48
XIII The first letter O in PORTO damaged on top. 6
XIV Letter R in PORTO damaged on top. 24
XV Incision at the top of the numeral 1 (stamp to the left). 46
XVI Distance between numeral 1 and O in PORTO shorter (stamp to the right). 47
XVII Small incision to the left of numeral 1. 57
XVIII Decimal bar shifted downwards. 59
XIX Thin decimal bar (< 2 mm). 61
XX Upper left corner of the letter R in PORTO damaged. 63
XXI Incision to the left of the first letter O in PORTO. 77
XXII The first letter O in PORTO damaged below. 84
XXIII Short decimal bar (4 mm). 90
XXIV 9th and 10th square of the cancelling grid damaged (the Apostrophe Flaw). 97
Sheets of stamps
For better viewing right click on the links below and open in new window:
Columns 1-5
Columns 6-10

 

Common flaws on overprints (10, 20 and 30 lira)

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (UNIFORM FOR 10, 20 AND 30 LIRA STAMPS) Field number
I Incision to zero on upper right. 51
II Impurities in inner oval of zero. 64
III Top row of canceling grid damaged. 89
IV Incision to upper right side of zero. 3
V Incision to lower part of the first letter O in PORTO.
Notes:

  • This variety is not mentioned in available literature, as it was found on all values it is listed under constant varieties.
  • Weakly printed canceling grid is part-constant variety due to printing plate wear.
?
VI Letter a in Lira damaged to base.
Note: in case of 20 lira stamp also broken numeral 2.
70
VII Zero open on top. 44
VIII Letter a in Lira broken and central part of numeral 2 missing.
Note: this variety is not mentioned in literature, it is nevertheless listed here as mutiple examples were found.
?

 

Common flaws on overprints (on numerals)

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS (NUMERALS)
10 lira Field number
I Incision to upper part of numeral 1. 46
20 lira Field number
I Central part of numeral 2 missing.
Note: general flaw, letter a in Lira open at the bottom, appearing on 10, 20 and 30 lira values is also present on 70th feld.
70

 

Coincidental or possible constant flaws on overprints (10, 20 and 30 lira)

COINCIDENTAL OR POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES OF OVERPRINTS
1 Weakly printed canceling grid.
Note: part-constant variety due to printing plate wear.
2 Central part of numeral 2 missing.
3 Canceling grid split vertically.
4 Vertical part of numeral 1 damaged to the right.
5 Underinking.
6 Upper left part of letter R in PORTO damaged.
7 Incision to the left side of the first letter O in PORTO.

 

Fifth Postage Due Issue

The day of release of this issue is disputed. In all leading catalogs the 7 September 1946 is noted as the date of issue, on the other hand the official documentation related to this issue states the 30 October 1946 as the date of release.

The stamps of the Zagreb issue of both cylinders were overprinted in letterpress with a plate of 50 subjects (5X10), which meant that each sheet passed trough the press twice and that types/varieties appear in pattern X+5.

Types of overprints

Types of denominations of 1, 2 and 4 lira differ in the following characteristics:

Linear and thin figure types differentiate between the two types of 10, 20 and 30 lira denomination stamps.

Subypes of overprints

Two subtypes were noted on stamps of 1, 2 and 4 lire:

  1. thinner and slightly longer decimal bar:
    • solid canceling block: on fields 65, 70, 83, 88
    • vertically split canceling block: on fields 12, 18,
    • horizontally split canceling block: on fields 44, 49.
  2. thinner and slightly longer decimal bar, decimal bar after the denomination is truncated comma on fields 85, 90.

On denominations of 10, 20 and 30 lira, the following subtypes were recorded:

  1. decimal dot converted from comma: fields 25 and 30,
  2. thinner and smaller decimal bar: fields 45 and 50,
  3. small decimal dot: fields 52, 57, 82, 87.

 

TYPES AND SUBTYPES OF OVERPRINT – 1, 2 and 4 lira denomination stamps
Length of “PORTO” Canceling block Number linear (I) Number curved (II)
(only 2 lira stamp)
Number thin (III)
(only Ba)
14 mm (B) Solid (a)

1 lira:
top – type IBa subtype 1,
below – type IIIBa.
Split vertically (b)
Split horizontally (c)
15 mm (A) Solid (a)
Split vertically (b)
Split horizontally (c)

 

TYPES OF OVERPRINT – 10, 20 and 30 lira denomination stamps
Type I:

  • linear numeral.

Type II:

  • thin numeral (fields 94, 95, 99, 100).

 

Constant varieties and subtypes

CONSTANT VARIETIES AND SUBTYPES
4 lira Field number
I Decimal dot damaged to the left. 25, 30
10 lira Field number
I Letter R in PORTO damaged. 43, 48
II Letter O in PORTO and the first canceling block damaged. 43, 48
III Minor incision in letter R in PORTO. 94, 97
20 lira Field number
I Letter T in PORTO and decimal dot damaged.
(Stamp on the top.)
72, 77
II Subtype: small decimal dot.
(Stamp on the bottom.)
82, 87
30 lira Field number
I Letter T in PORTO and decimal dot damaged.
(Stamp on the top.)
72, 77

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
2 lira
1 Numeral 2 open on top.
2 Base of the numeral 2 damaged.
3 Letters P and R in PORTO damaged.
4 lira
1 Base of the numeral 4 short to the left.
20 lira
1 Letter T in PORTO damaged to the left.
2 Letter R in PORTO split vertically in the middle.
30 lira
1 The second canceling block damaged on top.

 

Sixth Postage Due Issue

Stamps were printed in typography by State Printing Works (Državna markarnica) in Belgrade. Contemporary Yugoslav postage due stamp of 1 dinar was reprinted in blue green color and overprinted in letterpress Vojna Uprava / Jugoslavenske / Armije. Constant flaws on basic stamps appear on all values which suggests that only one plate was used for printing. Stamps were issued on 8 February 1947 in sheets of 100 (10X10).

Constant flaws on basic stamps

CONSTANT VARIETIES OF BASIC STAMPS Field number
I White dot after R in F.N.R. 4
II White dot in the upper right area. 17
III Upper right corner white (stamp to the left). 28
IV Left inner frame damaged (stamp to the right). 29
V Letter G in JUGOSLAVIJA touching the bottom frame. 48

 

Types of overprints

The setting of overprints is consisted of 5 groups of approximately 20 stamps showing the same flaws. Therefore, each value has 5 types of overprints.

TYPES OF OVERPRINTS
1 lira stamp

Types I and II

Type III with progressive flaws, ST3, ST2 and ST1

Types IV and V
Type I:

  • letters o and j in Vojna damaged,
  • words Uprava and Jugoslavenske aligned to the right,
  • letters i and j in Armije damaged,
  • fourth horizontal line in the right stack damaged.

Type II:

  • letter e in Armije damaged,
  • fourth horizontal line in the left stack thinner.

Type III:

  • letter j in Vojna damaged to the left,
  • letter n in Vojna damaged on top (progressive flaw resulting in 3 subtypes),
  • letter v in Jugoslavenske damaged.

Type IV:

  • letter o in Vojna damaged to lower right,
  • letter g in Jugoslavenske damaged on top,
  • bases of letters m and i in Armije angled.

Type V:

  • second horizontal line in the left stack damaged to the left.
2 lira stamp

Types I and II

Types III, IV and V
Type I:

  • letter v in Uprava damaged,
  • letters r and e in Armije damaged,
  • fifth horizontal line in the left stack thinner,
  • top of letter L angled.

Type II:

  • letters u, k and the second e in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • letter L damaged on top.

Type III:

  • letter v in Uprava broken,
  • letters g, o and n in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • sixth horizontal line in the right stack thinner.

Type IV:

  • first letter a in Uprava damaged,
  • letter a in Armije damaged,
  • letter L damaged on top.

Type V:

  • letters U and p in Uprava damaged.
6 lira stamp

Types I, II, III, IV and V
Type I:

  • words Uprava and Jugoslavenske aligned to the right,
  • black dot in letter n in Jugoslavenske,
  • third horizontal line in the left stack damaged.

Type II:

  • letter V in Vojna damaged at the bottom,
  • letters g, k and e in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • minor incision in letter r in Armije.

Type III:

  • minor incision in letter j in Vojna,
  • letter a in Jugoslavenske damaged.

Type IV:

  • letters a and e in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • letter r in Armije indented to the left.

Type V:

  • letters V and j in Vojna damaged,
  • letter r in Uprava damaged in the middle,
  • fourth horizontal line in the left stack thinner.
10 lira stamp

Types I and II

Types III and IV

Type V
Type I:

  • letter g in Jugoslavenske damaged to the upper right.

Type II:

  • letter L thinned on top,
  • 1 and 0 in denomination misaligned, zero slightly larger than 1.

Type III:

  • letter a in Jugoslavenske damaged to the right.

Type IV:

  • base of the letter r in Uprava damaged.

Type V:

  • letter v in Uprava damaged,
  • letters o and n in Jugoslavenske damaged on top.
30 lira stamp

Types I and II

Type III

Types IV and V
Type I:

  • letters o and n in Vojna damaged,
  • first letter a in Uprava damaged,
  • letters Uprava and Jugoslavenske aligned to the right,
  • letters r and j in Armija damaged,
  • fourth horizontal line in the left stack damaged,
  • letter L indented to the left,
  • zero in denomination with three holes.

Type II:

  • letter r in Uprava damaged,
  • letters g and n in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • letter L rounded,
  • third horizontal line in the riht stack damaged.

Type III:

  • letter j in Vojna damaged,
  • second letter a in Uprava damaged,
  • letter g in Jugoslavenske damaged on top,
  • letter r in Armije damaged on top,
  • middle element and lower arc of numeral 3 angled,
  • first horizontal line in the right stack damaged.

Type IV:

  • minor incision in letter p in Uprava,
  • top arc of letter a in Jugoslavenske damaged,
  • dot on letter i in Armije halved,
  • lower part of figure 0 in denomination damaged.

Type V:

  • first letter s in Jugoslavenske damaged on top,
  • second and fourth horizontal lines in the left stack thinner,
  • wider distance between the third and the fourth horizontal line in the left stack.

 

Sheets of stamps

SHEETS
1 lira 2 lira 6 lira 10 lira 30 lira
link link link link link

 

Bibliography


  1. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade), YU ISSN 0351-4447
  2. Suhadolc, Peter: Neizdani znamki za Trst in Slovensko primorje z motivom stolnice SV. Justa. Nova Filatelija, year XIX, No. 1./2003., p. 7-9.
  3. Novaković, Damir (2009): Stamps and Postal History of Trieste, Pola, Fiume, Istria and Slovene Littoral under Yugoslav Military Administration 1945 – 1947. ISBN 978-0-9563535-0-4