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Swiss Cross and Numeral issues: varieties


 

A large number of postage stamps were used in the 1870s. Between 1877 and 1878, sales figures increased by 30%. This is due to the fact that using postage stamps for parcels has been made compulsory.

Since the combined typography-relief printing process was still being used, the stamps were expensive and the production time long. It was therefore decided to prepare printing of new values that would be printed only in typography.

Switzerland control mark types on postage stamps
Two types of control marks:
Type I: 1882-1889,
Type II: 1893 onward.

The new set was designed by professor Hassert from Stuttgart and printed in Bern by Stämpfli & Co. The difficulties in the delivery of granite paper forced the printing company to use the white paper available from the previous issues. Subsequently, from 1882 to 1889, stamps were printed on granite paper with the Type I control mark.

In 1887 the Health Department of Bern informed that the yellow color of the 15 centime stamp was dangerous because it contained iron oxide and chromic acid. As no other mixture for yellow color was available another color was chosen for 15 cents stamp.

In 1889, the heraldically correct form of the Swiss cross was established by the Federal Decree. As a result, in 1893, the new plates of the control mark Type II were produced.

After further technical improvements of the Printing House of Berne, from 1906 onward, the stamps were printed again on granite paper, this time with the “Swiss Cross” watermark.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES
Granite paper
Field number
I Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw inner frame below letter C of FRANCO broken - both types Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw inner frame below letter C of FRANCO broken narrow breach Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw inner frame below letter C of FRANCO broken wide breach Inner frame broken below letter C in the upper inscription FRANCO.
Note: the breach can be wide or narrow. In case the breach is wide letter C of FRANCO is damaged.
?
II Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Left borderline thin Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Left borderline thin Left borderline thin. ?
III Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Bottom frame borderline prolonged to the right Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp error Bottom frame borderline prolonged to the right Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Bottom frame borderline prolonged to the right Bottom frame borderline prolonged to the right. ?
IV Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Bottom right corner angled Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp flaw Bottom right corner angled Bottom right corner angled. ?

 

Marks appearing on all values

MARKS APPEARING ON ALL VALUES
Additional horizontal and vertical lines are probably frame lines of a sheet or traces of printing blocks.
Vertical line left:
Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 5 centimes left
Vertical line right:
Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 5 rappen rightSwiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 10 cents right
Horizontal line top:
Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 10 centimes top
Horizontal line bottom:
Swiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 5 centimes bottomSwiss Cross and Numeral postage stamp border marks 10 rappen bottom

 

Possible constant or coincidental varieites

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES: A. Granite paper, control sign
2 cents, bister
1 Letters C and O of the right-sided inscription FRANCO touching the inner frame. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Letters C and O of the right-sided inscription FRANCO touching the inner frame
2 Letter C in left-sided inscription FRANCO more enclosed. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Letter C in left-sided inscription FRANCO more enclosed
3 Incision in the left frame next to the letter N of FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Incision in the left frame next to the letter N of FRANCO
4 The fifth vertical line in the upper left ornament missing. Switzerland Cross and Numeral fifth vertical line in the upper left ornament missing
5 cents, maroon
1 Letter N in upper inscription FRANCO and inner frame below damaged. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Letter N in upper inscription FRANCO and inner frame below damaged
5 cents, deep green
1 Vertical lines in the design to the right uneven and wavy. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Vertical lines in the design to the right uneven and wavy
2 Lower left corner angled. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Lower left corner angled.
3 Bottom frame outline broken near to the bottom left corner. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Bottom frame outline broken near to the bottom left corner
4 Upper left corner angled (1). Switzerland Cross and Numeral Upper left corner angled
5 Upper left corner angled (2). Switzerland Cross and Numeral Upper left corner angled
6 Frame near upper left angle broken (1). Switzerland Cross and Numeral Frame near upper left angle broken
7 Frame near upper left angle broken (2). Switzerland Cross and Numeral Frame near upper left angle broken
10 cents, red
1 The first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame – FRANCOП. Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error he first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame – FRANCOП Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error he first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame – FRANCOП
2 ГRANCO instead of FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral ГRANCO instead of FRANCO
3 Letter R in inscription FRANCO on the left side open on top. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Letter R in inscription FRANCO on the left side open on top
4 Upper frame next to the letter R in FRANCO broken. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Upper frame next to the letter R in FRANCO broken
5 Colored dot between letters R and A in FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Colored dot between letters R and A in FRANCO
12 cents, ultramarine
1 The first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame – FRANCOП,
left vertical borderline damaged.
Switzerland Cross and Numeral The first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame
2 Bottom horizontal borderline damaged,
incision in the right corner.
Switzerland Cross and Numeral Bottom horizontal borderline damaged, incision in the right corner
POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES: B. Granite paper, watermark “Swiss Cross”
5 cents, deep green
1 Frame near upper left angle broken (3). Switzerland Cross and Numeral Frame near upper left angle broken
10 cents, red
1 Incision in the left frame next to the letter N of FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Incision in the left frame next to the letter N of FRANCO
2 Lower right frame thinner. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Lower right frame thinner
3 Incision in the upper frame above letter R in FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Incision in the upper frame above letter R in FRANCO
12 cents, ultramarine
1 The first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame – FRANCOП. Switzerland Cross and Numeral The first vertical line in top ornament to the right touching upper frame
2 Incision in the right borderline, next to the first horizontal line of the ornament after O in FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Incision in the right borderline, next to the first horizontal line of the ornament after O in FRANCO
3 Light indentation in the upper frame above letter A in FRANCO. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Light indentation in the upper frame above letter A in FRANCO
4 Lower left corner broken. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Lower left corner broken

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES
1 Color smears. Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp 2 rappen color smear Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error 2 centimes color smear Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error 12 cents color smear
2 Double frames. Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error 2 centimes double frame Switzerland Cross and Numeral postage stamp error 2 rappen double frame Switzerland Cross and Numeral 10 cents double frame
3 Inking varieties: overinking and underinking. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Inking varieties: overinking and underinking
4 Bubbles of ink on the lower left frame. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Bubbles of ink on the lower left frame
5 Partial underinking on the left side. Switzerland Cross and Numeral Underinking on the left side

 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Schweiz/Liechtenstein-Spezial 2003/2004, Schwaneberger Verlag, GMBH, München. ISBN 3-87858-365-6
  2. Timbres suisses: Les Types Chiffre http://www.timbressuisses.ch/encapsulation.php?page=tchiffre