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State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, Issues for Croatia – Introduction


Stamps of SHS Croatia were in use form November 18th, 1918 to April 15th, 1921 when they were demonetized. The first edition consisted of contemporary Hungarian stamps, overprinted with SHS HRVATSKA in letterpress printing. Overprints in lithography also exist, they are probably essays. In total, 41 different types of Hungarian stamps were overprinted with 12 different types of overprints.

SHS Hrvatska Overprint Types

Overprinting was decreed by Postal and Telegraph Directorate in Zagreb. Since the official document is lost many speculations arose over number of copies and even types of overprinted stamps.

Overprinting was implemented in two printing houses in Zagreb: Zemaljska tiskara and Nadbiskupska tiskara.

In February 1919 the Postal and Telegraph Directorate, in an attempt to speed up the process of replacing stamps and to avoid complex procedures associated with it, issued a decree, authorizing Nadbiskupska tiskara to overprint Hungarian stamps, in complete or in assembled sheets, to anyone who brought them in.

As a result of this decree and due to the fact that there was no control over overprinting, two issues arose:

  1. it is unsure how many and which types of stamps were overprinted,
  2. individuals were able to produce many speculative issues using original overprints.

 

SHS Hrvatska stamps speculative issues

The production of speculative issues was also aided by currency devaluation in Hungary as it was possible to obtain stamps at a low price and smuggle them into Croatia.

In specialized philatelic literature only inverted overprints, double overprints and offsets are mentioned as possible legitimate coincidental varieties. Other issues are considered to be a mere fabrication intended for philatelic market. In this context, three stamps are specifically mentioned: 10 filler Harvesting Wheat with white numerals and two stamps of Coronation set 1916. Specialized philatelists agree that these three values were never sold at post offices. Still, the perpetrators managed to produce several letters and in case of the Coronation set, all known examples were sent from Zagreb. Over time these “conspiracies” in some degree came to light and were mentioned by Ercegović in his work.

The 10 filler Harvesting Wheat stamp with white numerals is supposed to be fabricated by a prominent philatelist from Zagreb, who allegedly obtained an unknown quantity of smuggled stamps of this type from Hungary and got them overprinted with original overprints.

The Coronation set is supposed to be conceived by a consortium of investors, aided by a high-ranking official in Postal and Telegraph Directorate. This official is, among others, supposed to be credited with putting these issues in official documents, and by doing so, legalizing them. This should be the reason why these stamps appeared in stamp catalogs.

Since the demand for these issues was high overprinting continued with forged dies also after the official overprinting ended. Some overprint forgeries are very dangerous.

Provisional issues


Circulation is unknown. All stamps were printed in sheets of 100.

Varieties on Type I overprint. Intended for Harvesting Wheat stamps of Hungary 1916, watermark Patriarch Cross. Overprint in letterpress, color blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I SHS Hrvatska postage stamp overprint error K 2 filler Prolonged letter K in HRVATSKA. 20

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Inverted Overprint 2 filler 3 filler, 5 filler, 10 filler, 15 filler, 20 filler, 25 filler, 35 filler, 40 filler
Stamps with white numerals:
10 filler, 15 filler, white numerals
B Double overprint. SHS Hrvatska Double Overprint 2 filler 3 filler, 5 filler, 6 filler, 15 filler, 25 filler, 35 filler, 40 filler
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. SHS Hrvatska Shifted Overprint 5 filler SHS Hrvatska Shifted Overprint 15 filler Vertically:
2 filler
D Tilted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Tilted Overprint 3 filler
E Offset. SHS Hrvatska 10 filler stamp overprint offset Croatia 1918 10 filler overprint

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. On Harvesting Wheat stamps
Inverted double overprint, known on 2, 6, 10, 10 (white numerals) and 40 filler stamps. Croatia 1918 6 filler, inverted double overprint Overprint in black instead of dark blue color, known on 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 20, 35 and 40 filler stamps.
Vertical instead of horizontal overprint, known on 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35 and 40 filler stamps. Horizontal and vertical overprints together, known on 6, 10 and 40 filler stamps.
B. On stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type.
4 filler, slate gray (1918): not listed in official decree for overprinting. SHS Hrvatska Type I overprint on 4 filler postage stamp Turul issue (1913): 6, 6 (1900) and 50 filler
Parliament issue (1917): 50, 75, 80 filler and 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 krone. King Charles and Queen Zita (1918): 10, 20, 25 and 40 filler. SHS Hrvatska Type I overprint Charles IV 20 filler
Charity issue (1916/17): 10+2, 15+2, 40+2 filler Croatia 1918 wrong overprint type Special delivery stamp (1916): 2 filler
Newspaper stamp (1913) Coronation issue (1916): 10 and 15 filler
Postal savings stamp (1916)

 

Forgeries

FORGERIES
Forged overprint 3 fillerSHS Hrvatska Forged overprint 6 filler Missing R in HRVATSKA SHS Hrvatska Forged Overprint 10 filler White Numerals

 

Varieties on Type II overprint. Intended for Parliament issue of Hungary 1917 in filler denominations, watermark Patriarch Cross. Overprint in letterpress, color blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Big round dot on the left side of horizontal line covering inscription FILLER, on 50, 75 and 80 filler stamps. 70
II SHS Croatia 1918 parliament overprint flaw Horizontal line covering inscription FILLER damaged to the right side, known on 50, 75 and 80 filler stamps. 83
III Broken letter H in HRVATSKA, on 50, 75 and 80 filler stamps. 73
IV SHS Hrvatska overprint error parliament stamp flat S in overprint The first letter S in SHS flat on top, on values 50 (?), 75 and 80 filler stamps. ?

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Croatia 1918 parliament postage stamp inverted overprint
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. SHS Hrvatska Shifted Overprint 75 filler
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Parliament (1917): regular or inverted overprint on values 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 krone. King Charles and Queen Zita (1918): 25 filler.
Postal savings stamp (1916)

 

Varieties on Type III overprint. Intended for Parliament stamps of Hungary 1917 of 1, 5 and 10 krone denominations, watermark Patriarch Cross. Overprint in letterpress, color blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I SHS Croatia 1918 vertical line after S in SHS Thin vertical line after the second S in SHS on 1, 5 and 10 krone stamp. 90
II Damaged letter R in KRUNA. 70

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Inverted Overprint 5 krone stamp 1 krone
B Double overprint. SHS Croatia 1918 double overprint on postage stamp
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically.
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Parliament (1917): regular or inverted overprint on values 50, 75, 80 filler and 2 and 3 krone. SHS Hrvatska stamp wrong overprint King Charles and Queen Zita (1918): 40 filler.
Parliament 1917, head to tail overprint on 1 krone stamp.

 

Varieties on Type IV overprint. Intended for Parliament stamps of Hungary 1917 on 2 and 3 krone denominations, watermark Patriarch Cross. Overprint in letterpress, color blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I SHS Hrvatska overprint flaw Damaged first S in SHS and short vertical line of letter K in KRUNE Damaged first S in SHS and short vertical line of letter K in KRUNE, on stamps 2 and 3 krone. 1

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. Postage stamp SHS Croatia inverted overprint
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically.
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Parliament (1917): regular or inverted overprint on values 50, 75, 80 filler and 1, 5 and 10 krone. Parliament (1917): head to tail overprint on 2 krone stamp.

 

Varieties on Type V overprint. Intended for Turul issue of Hungary 1913, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color blue.

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Turul inverted overprint error 6 filler
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. SHS Hrvatska Vertically shifted overprint with offset 6 filler Turul - front
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset. SHS Hrvatska Vertically shifted overprint with offset 6 filler Turul - back

 

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
Overprint error.
Vertical overprint on 50 filler stamp.
B. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Harvesting Wheat (1916/18): 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler SHS Hrvatska wrong overprint type error Parliament (1917): 50, 75, 80 filler and 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 krone, all in both directions. Croatia 1918 wrong overprint type error
Charity stamps (1916): 10+2, 15+2, 40+5 filler King Charles and Queen Zita: 10, 20, 25 and 40 filler
Newspaper stamp (1913) Special delivery stamp (1916): 2 filler
Postal savings stamp (1916): 10 filler War charity stamps (1914): 1+2, 2+2, 3+2, 5+2, 6+2, 10+2, 12+2, 16+2, 20+2, 25+2, 30+2, 35+2, 50+2, 60+2 filler
War charity stamps (1915): 1+2, 2+2, 3+2, 5+2, 6+2, 10+2, 12+2, 16+2, 20+2, 25+2, 30+2, 35+2, 50+2, 60+2 filler Wrong overprint on Croatian stamp 1918 Turul (1913/16): 1, 2, 3, 10, 70, 80 SHS Hrvatska Type V overprint Turul 80 filler
Coronation (1916): 10 and 15 filler

 

Varieties on Type VI overprint. Intended for King Charles IV stamps of Hungary 1918, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue on 10 filler, black on 20 filler and red on 25 filler.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Damaged line under denomination on the right. 78
II Letter H in HRVATSKA having thin line. ?

 

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)

Possible constant varieties (not mentioned in literature)
A A dot on the horizontal line of the letter H in SHS. SHS Croatia overprint error A dot on the horizontal line of the letter H in SHS

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Type Inverted overprint Charles IV 10 filler 25 filler
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. Shift overprint error postage stamp
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset. Croatia 1918 overprint error offset Croatia SHS inverted overprint error

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
Note: regular overprint colors are dark blue on 10 filler, black on 20 filler and red on 25 filler stamp.
A. Wrong overprint color.
In black (regular, double and inverted): 10 and 25 filler SHS Hrvatska Type VI black overprint Charles IV 25 filler In dark blue (regular, double and inverted): 20 and 25 filler SHS Hrvatska Type VI blue overprint Charles IV 20 filler
In red (regular, double and inverted): 10 and 20 filler In yellow: 10, 20 and 25 filler
Yellow and dark blue: 10, 20, 25 filler Yellow and black: 10, 20, 25 filler
Yellow and red: 10, 20, 25 filler Blue and black: 10, 20, 25 filler
Dark blue and red: 10, 20, 25 filler Horizontal overprint, blue color
(Not mentioned in literature.)
SHS Croatia King Charles overprint error
B. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Harvesting Wheat, black color: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler Harvesting Wheat, blue color: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler SHS Hrvatska Type VI blue Overprint 20 filler
Harvesting Wheat, red color: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler Charity set (1916/17), black color: 10+2, 15+2, 45+5 filler
Charity set (1916/17), blue color, regular and inverted: 10+2, 15+2, 45+5 filler SHS Hrvatska wrong overprint type VI Charity set (1916/17), red color: 10+2, 15+2, 45+5 filler
Queen Zita, black color SCS Croatia wrong overprint type Queen Zita, red color
Parliament (1917), blue color, both directions: 50, 75, 80 filler and 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 krone Turul, blue color: 6 and 50 filler
War charity (1914), red color: 1+2 filler Newspaper stamp (1913)
(Not mentioned in literature.)
SCS Croatia 1918 wrong overprint type

 

Varieties on Type VII overprint. Intended for Hungarian stamps Queen Zita of 1918 and Coronation set of 1916 stamps, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Letter H in HRVATSKA is visibly smaller. 31
II SHS Hrvatska Croatia overprint flaw horizontal line covering inscription FILLER thinner on the left side Horizontal line covering inscription FILLER thinner on the left side. 31

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska Zita inverted overprint error 10 filler (Coronation issue)
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. Shifted overprint, missing inscription HRVATSKA (stamp from the last row)
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.
F Partially imprinted overprint. Postage stamp SHS Hrvatska overprint error

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Wrong overprint color, wrong overprint orientation.
Coronation set: overprint in black color: 10 and 15 filler Coronation set: horizontal overprint
B. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Turul (1913): 6, 6 (inverted), 50 filler Harvesting Wheat: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 10 (white numerals), 15, 15 (white numerals), 20, 25, 35, 40 filler
Parliament (1917), horizontal layout: 50, 75, 80 filler and 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 krone. King Charles (1918), blue color: 10, 20 and 25 filler
Charity (1916): 10+2 (also inverted), 15+2, 40+5 filler. Special delivery stamp: 2 filler
Newspaper stamp: 2 filler. Postal savings stamp: 2 filler

 

Varieties on Type VIII overprint. Intended for War Charity Stamps of denominations 10+2 and 15+2 filler, issued in 1916/17, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I SHS Croatia postage stamp overprint variety right vertical line in letter H in SHS much thicker Right vertical line in letter H in SHS much thicker, both on 10+2 and 15+2 filler stamps. 77

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. Croatia postage stamp 1918 inverted overprint
B Double overprint. Croatia SHS double overprint on postage stamp 15 filler
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. Croatia 1918 postage stamp shifted overprint vertically Croatia 1918 postage stamp error shifted overprint horizontally
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Wrong overprint orientation.
Head to tail overprint on 15 filler stamp
B. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Turul (1913): 6, 50 filler Harvesting Wheat: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler
King Charles (1918): 10, 20 and 25 filler Queen Zita (1918): 40 filler

 

Varieties on Type IX overprint. Intended for War Charity Stamps, denomination 40+5 filler, issued in 1916/17, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue.

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska inverted overprint on war charity stamp
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically.
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Turul (1913): 6, 50 filler Harvesting Wheat: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler
King Charles (1918): 10 and 20 filler Queen Zita (1918): 40 filler

 

Varieties on Type X overprint. Intended for special delivery stamp of Hungary 1916, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Croatia 1918 overprint flaw oval line covering inscription FILLER thinner on the right Oval line covering inscription FILLER thinner on the right. 17

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska 1918 Special delivery stamp with inverted overprint
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically.
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Varieties on Type XI overprint. Intended for newspaper tax stamps of Hungary 1913, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color black.

Constant varieties

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
I Croatia 1918 newspaper stamp overprint variety Line covering Hirapjegy consists od 22 instead of 26 lines. 90

 

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Croatia 1918 newspaper stamp inverted overprint
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically. SHS Hrvatska 1918 newspaper stamp overprint shifted horizontally SHS Hrvatska 1918 newspaper stamp overprint shifted vertically
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset. SHS Hrvatska overprint error - back SHS Hrvatska overprint error - front

 

Varieties on Type XII overprint. Intended for postage dues stamps of Hungary 1914/15, watermark Patriarch Cross, overprint in letterpress, color dark blue.

Coincidental varieties

COINCIDENTAL VARIETIES (ALL VALUES)
A Inverted overprint. SHS Hrvatska postage due 1 filler inverted overprint 20 filler
B Double overprint.
C Shifted overprint, horizontally and vertically.
D Tilted overprint.
E Offset.

 

Speculative issues

SPECULATIVE ISSUES
Below is a list of Hungarian stamps – with original, contemporary overprints – that are considered to be produced in speculative context.
A. Stamps not intended to be overprinted with this type of overprint.
Harvesting Wheat: 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 40 filler

 

Bibliography


  1. Fleck, Vladimir (1941): Priručnik Maraka Hrvatskih Zemalja, Book 1, Tome 2, Hrvatski Filatelistički Savez
  2. Ercegović, Velimir (1995): HRVATSKA FILATELIJA – Od predfilatelije do maraka Republike Hrvatske, Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost, Zagreb ISBN-13: 978-9539641915
  3. Katalog poštanskih maraka jugoslovenskih zemalja (1991), Jugomarka (Belgrade). YU ISSN 0351-4447