Search Posts and Pages

Soviet Occupation Zone: Thuringia (Thüringen)


Germany stamps economy gum Spargummi
Economy gum on
stamps of Thuringia.

1 October 1945 – 1 January 1946. Definitive issue. Printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10) on various types of papers with regular or “economy gum”. Perforation line 11, denominations of 20 and 30 pfennig also imperforate.

The gum
Economy gum (Spargummierung or Spargummi) was used in times of economic need to save raw materials which were needed for production of gum. The gum was applied in such a way that parts of stamps sheets were left without the gum.

The paper
Stamps were printed on 14 different paper types and gum combinations:

Paper types and gum by denomination values in pfennig
Paper Gum 3 4 5 6 8 12 I 12 II 20 per 20 imp 30 per 30 imp
grayish white thicker paper (0.075-0.1 mm) with steep rising striations thick and yellowish, also with vertical lines x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x
economy gum x x x x x x x x x x
grayish white thicker paper (0.075-0.1 mm) with steep falling striations thick and yellowish, also with vertical lines  x x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x
economy gum x x x x x x x x x x
rough grayish thick paper (0.09-0.11 mm) with gently rising striations thick, fragile, also with vertical lines  x  x
yellowish to reddish tinted paper (0.08-0.105 mm) thick, a bit granular x  x  x x  x
yellowish to reddish tinted paper with fine net structure (0.07-0.08 mm) brownish, shiny  x
whitish to grayish paper (0.065-0.09 mm) with fine net structure white to yellowish, dull  x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x x  x  x
economy gum x x x x x x x
grayish paper (0.06-0.08 mm), smoother, with fine net structure bight, shiny  x  x  x  x  x  x  x
grayish to yellowish granite paper (0.065-0.085 mm) with small wooden residues grayish, dull x  x  x  x  x
yellowish thick paper (0.09-0.11 mm) with heavy net structure yellowish, dull  x x  x  x  x  x  x  x
whitish to yellowish tinted wood-free thick paper gum white, applied horizontally  x  x  x
whitish thin paper (impression visible on the back) with fine net structure economy gum x  x  x x  x

 
Varieties and types

TYPES
12 pf., red
I, II Germany Thuringia Schiller postage stamp Type I Germany Thuringia Schiller postage stamp Type II
Types I and II
There are two types of 12 pf. stamp:

  • Type I: collar outline well visible.
  • Type II: without the collar outline.

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
4 pf., black
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Last letter N in THUERINGEN deformed (the THUERINGEI flaw). Last letter N in THUERINGEN deformed (the THUERINGEI flaw). 13
6 pf., dark green
I Germany Thuringia post stamp flaw: curved line on top of the upper letter Germany Thuringia post stamp flaw: curved line on top of the upper letter Additional curved line on top of the upper letter. 38
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thin line connecting the upper letter and top borderline (letter on white thread flaw). Thin line connecting the upper letter and top borderline (letter on white thread flaw). 59
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot on the left borderline next to the letter T in THUERINGEN. White dot on the left borderline next to the letter T in THUERINGEN. 11 (Plate B)
8 pf., orange
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Tear in the lower letter. Tear in the lower letter. 79
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Colored dot on the lower letter. Colored dot on the lower letter. 37
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Border of the horn bell broken on the left side. Border of the horn bell broken on the left side. 4
IV Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Letter H in THUERINGEN damaged. Letter H in THUERINGEN damaged. 26
V Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Border of the horn bell broken on the right side. Border of the horn bell broken on the right side. 96
12 pf., red
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Lower right corner broken. Lower right corner broken. 91
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Colored dot on the second letter L of SCHILLER (the SCHILCER flaw). Colored dot on the second letter L of SCHILLER (the SCHILCER flaw). 8

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature) Field number
3 pf., brown
1 Colored dot between the inner and the outer frame. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-error-92-poss_1.jpg ?
2 Upper left frame indented Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-error-92-poss_2.jpg 2
3 Vertical scratch next to the right denomination. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-92-Af-9.jpg 9
4 pf., black
1 Horizontal scratch next to the left denomination. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-error-93-poss_1.jpg ?
5 pf., green
1 Colored dot in the upper left frame. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-94-Af.jpg ?0
6 pf., dark green
1 Colored dot on the upper frame (between the mouthpiece and upper letter). Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-2.jpg 2
2 Upper left corner broken. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-4.jpg 4
3 Small indentation in the right corner. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-7.jpg 7
4 Small indentation in the upper right corner. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-20.jpg 20
5 Colored dot above the upper left corner. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-29.jpg 29
6 Two indentations on the left frame. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-31.jpg 31
7 Colored dot below the lower frame below letter R in THUERINGEN. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-61.jpg 61
8 Uneven borderlines in the upper right corner. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-71.jpg 71
9 White spot between letters I and R in THUERINGEN. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-73.jpg 73
10 Lower right corner damaged. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af.jpg ?
11 Additional vertical line between the horn and the ribbon. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-97Y.jpg 97
12 Whitening between the lower letter and the horn’s bell. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-95-Af-Y-possible.jpg ?
8 pf., orange
1 Prolonged line on the top letter. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-96-75.jpg 75
2 Colored dot on the upper letter. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-96-Af-38.jpg 38
3 Colored dot on the lower borderline below letters T and H in TH Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-96-poss.jpg 8
12 pf., red
1 Horizontal white line below numeral 2 of the right denomination Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-97-Af-4.jpg 4
2 Vertical white line on the inner bottom frame between letters N Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-97-Af-52.jpg 52
3 Big colored dot next to the wreath to the left. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-97-Af-91_.jpg 91
4 White scratch below denomination value to the right. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-97-Xf-4.jpg 4
5 Thin white line on the left side of the wreath pointing inwards. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-flaw-97-Xf-23.jpg 23
6 Colored dot above Schiller’s right eyebrow. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Colored dot above Schiller’s right eyebrow 23
7 Colored dot on letter H in SCHILLER. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Colored dot on letter H in SCHILLER 23
8 Long thin scratch below the right denomination value, white line on the lower part of the letter G in THUERINGEN. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Long thin scratch below the right denomination value, white line on the lower part of the letter G in THUERINGEN 100
20 pf., blue
1 Letter R in THUERINGEN prolonged. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Letter R in THUERINGEN prolonged 8
2 Letter R in THUERINGEN short. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Letter R in THUERINGEN short ?0
30 pf., gray
1 White dots on Goethe’s chin. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dots on Goethe’s chin 97
2 Additional curl next to Goethe’s right ear. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Additional curl next to Goethe’s right ear ?
3 Circle between Goethe’s head and the wreath. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Circle between Goethe’s head and the wreath ?
4 Zero in right denomination value broken to the right. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Zero in right denomination value broken to the right ?

 

27 March 1946. Rebuilding of German National Theater in Weimar. Different paper types.

Paper types, gum and watermarks
Paper Gum Perforation Watermark
whitish, thin (0.046-0.06 mm) none imperforate Watermark “stairs”: ascending or descending
yellowish thick paper (0.09-0.11 mm) with heavy net structure yellowish, dull serrate roulette none
whitish to grayish paper (0.065-0.09 mm) with fine net structure white to yellowish, dull serrate roulette none

 

There are 12 different types
IV Germany, Thuringia National Theater Souvenir sheet Type 4: white dot on Schiller's chin
Souvenir sheet
Tiny white dot below Schiller’s chin.
VII Germany, Thuringia National Theater Souvenir sheet Type 7: Dot behind Schiller's ear
Souvenir sheet
White dot between Schiller’s ear and hair.
VIII Germany, Thuringia National Theater Souvenir sheet Type 8: letter M damaged
Souvenir sheet
Incision in letter M of RM.
XII Germany, Thuringia National Theater Souvenir sheet type 12: dot on Schiller's neck
Souvenir sheet
White dot on Schiller’s neck.

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature)
1 Big white spot above the last letter E in GOETHE.
Souvenir sheet
Germany, Thuringia National Theater Souvenir sheet error: white dot above GOETHE

 

30 March 1946. Bridge reconstruction. Printed in sheets of 50 (5 x 10) on paper with regular or “economy gum”. Imperforate.

A. Stamps

SE TENANT
Germany Thuringia Bridge reconstruction stamps in se tenant setting The Bridge reconstruction stamps were printed in a way that all four values, each in layout of 5 x 10 stamps, were printed together. Printing sheets therefore consisted of 4 sheets of different denominations. Some of printing sheets remained undivided, which resulted in se tenant combinations.

 

CONSTANT VARIETIES Field number
10 + 60 pf., red brown
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Deep vertical incision on the water above zero in denomination value (fountain flaw). Deep vertical incision on the water above zero in denomination value (fountain flaw). 3
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Big colored spot on the second pillar. Big colored spot on the second pillar. 7
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Comma sign below letter K in BRUECKEN. Comma sign below letter K in BRUECKEN. 10
V Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Residue between letters A and U in BAUEN and a tree on the horizon above the first pillar. Residue between letters A and U in BAUEN and a tree on the horizon above the first pillar. 31
VI Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Incision in the hill above the third pillar. Incision in the hill above the third pillar. 42
12 + 68 pf., red
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: First letter N in THUERINGEN damaged to the top left. First letter N in THUERINGEN damaged to the top left. 5
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White spot between upper horizontal strokes of letter E in THUERINGEN. White spot between upper horizontal strokes of letter E in THUERINGEN. 23
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White spot below letter G in THUERINGEN. White spot below letter G in THUERINGEN. 3
IV Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot above the first letter N in THUERINGEN. White dot above the first letter N in THUERINGEN. 13
V Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot next to the letter R in THUERINGEN. White dot next to the letter R in THUERINGEN. 14
VI Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Vertical scratch between letters T and H in THUERINGEN. Vertical scratch between letters T and H in THUERINGEN. 24
VII Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot inside numeral 2 in denomination value. White dot inside numeral 2 in denomination value. 25
IX Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Vertical white line above letters G and E in THUERINGEN (the waterfall flaw). Vertical white line above letters G and E in THUERINGEN (the waterfall flaw). 31
X Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot above letter N in THUERINGEN. White dot above letter N in THUERINGEN. 33
XI Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White frame below letter N in THUERINGEN damaged. White frame below letter N in THUERINGEN damaged. 34
XIII Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Vertical line on bridge’s arch. Vertical line on bridge’s arch. 49
16 + 74 pf., dark green
II Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot on the frame below letter U in THUERINGEN. White dot on the frame below letter U in THUERINGEN. 6
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White spot on the second horizontal stroke of letter H in THUERINGEN. White spot on the second horizontal stroke of letter H in THUERINGEN. 35
IV Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Upper stroke of numeral 1 din 16 damaged. Upper stroke of numeral 1 din 16 damaged. 41
24 + 26 pf., brown
I Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot between letters E and N in THUERINGEN. White dot between letters E and N in THUERINGEN. 22
III Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Railing on top of the bridge broken. Railing on top of the bridge broken. 11
IV Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: White dot on the horizontal stroke of numeral 4 in denomination. White dot on the horizontal stroke of numeral 4 in denomination. 23

 

POSSIBLE CONSTANT VARIETIES (not mentioned in literature) Field number
10 + 60 pf., red brown
1 Thin vertical line parallel to the left frame. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-Bridges-10+70Pf_Plate-Flaw-F4-poss.jpg 4
12 + 68 pf., red
1 Letter K in BRUECKEN broken and colored spot on the frame above letter N. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-Bridges-12+68Pf_error-F17.jpg 17
16 + 74 pf., dark green
1 Vertical stroke of letter N in BRUECKEN thin. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-Bridges-16+74Pf_error-F1.jpg 1
2 Reflection on the water less visible. Germany Thueringen post stamp flaw: Thueringen-postage-stamp-Bridges-16-74Pf_error-F39-150x126.jpg 39

 
B. Souvenir sheet

Souvenir sheets were printed in two runs. There are three types of sheets of the first and one type of the second run.

TYPES
I Thuringia bridge reconstruction souvenir sheet type 3
Souvenir sheet
  • One shading line in letter U of AUF missing,
  • railing on top of the bridge broken.

.

 

Bibliography


  1. Michel Deutschland-Spezial 2005, Band 2: Ab Mai 1945 (Alliierte Besetzung bis BRD), Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH, ISBN 3-87858-145-9